New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

History 105: Week 6 Lecture Notes

by: Christian Benson

History 105: Week 6 Lecture Notes HIST 105

Marketplace > University of Oregon > HIST 105 > History 105 Week 6 Lecture Notes
Christian Benson
GPA 2.47

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Lecture notes for class during the week of 2/8 - 2/12
World History II
Prof. Furtado
Class Notes
history, World History, China, europe, religion, catholic, protestant, confucian, Taoism
25 ?




Popular in World History II

Popular in Department

This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Christian Benson on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 105 at University of Oregon taught by Prof. Furtado in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views.

Similar to HIST 105 at UO


Reviews for History 105: Week 6 Lecture Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/15/16
Lecture – 2/8/16 th  Neo-Confucianism (10-12 Century, Song Dynasty) o Return to hierarchy o Create a good society o Reject Buddhist indifference toward world o Material, practical questions  Opposite of Taoism o Education and guidance are task of state  Confucianization o 1200 Judge Dees o Society governed by educated elites o Examination system and Meritocracy o Highest rank is magistrate of county o Local authority to families and clans  Protestant: o Churches under state authority o Destruction of monasteries o Iconoclasm o Civil war o Moral laws  punishment for thinks like drunkenness and adultery  Catholic: Council of Trent (1545-63) o Guys that agreed with Protestant views but were still Catholic  Jesuits, Ignatius Loyola (1550) o Best educated catholic monks that went to convert people back to catholic from protestant  Universal harmony vs. Individual souls o In Europe, state intervened in society due to religion  Confessionals (individual souls) o China left society alone for the most part (universal harmony)  Family in China and Europe  How did the structure of Chinese and European families compare in our period, what effect did those structures have on the larger states of which they were apart of?  European family o Father, mother, a few children = nuclear family (doesn’t include extended family)  Familia = latin  Paterfamilias = latin  Patriarchy  family system dominated by males  Chinese family (Jia or Kin) o Blood, adoption, marriage o Patriarchy o Bigger is better (include extended family) o 5 generations under one roof  symbolic number  Family names o China: Ancient surnames o Europe: surnames for occupations (Miller, Sawyer)  Only 100 common Chinese surnames  Chinese given names (first names): sound and form o They cared about how it sounded and how it looked on paper o Filial piety and relations  The lineage or clan (Zu) o Common land, farmed or rented o A bunch of families with some surname that descended from one guy o Maintain ancestral graves, tablets, halls and temples o Maintained orphanages, schools, roads, bridges, and granaries  The clan and social mobility, stability o Less class conflict o Harmony Lecture – 2/10/16  Jia (family) is part of Zu (clan)  The compound o Feng Shui (strategic placement) o Northern side = water side o Southern side = sun side  Women and confinement o China: women were expected to stay inside the compound at all times o Europe: socially stratified lower, lower in class had to work outside but higher class stayed inside  Europe and family living o The apartment o Before the elevator, rich people lived on the bottom floor o Chinese cities tended to be flatter than Europe’s, taller buildings in Europe  Nuclear families moved around a lot o Especially Jews  European nobility o Large enclosures o Non-nuclear residents o Servants and people like that lived with them o Royal marriages  Trade relationships  Habsburgs (Spain, Austria)  Bourbons (Spain, France)  Hanover (England, Ireland, Great Britain)  Chinese nobility o Virtuous circle = wealth and education  Meritocracy  In Europe, nobility comes from birth, in china, comes from behavior  Marriage in Europe o Nuclear family and reformation o Geographic and confessional differences  State and church promotes nuclear family o Cut down on polygamy  Church promotes o Marriage o Celibacy o Marital choice  Community is at risk for damnation if certain members are being sinful  Marriage in China o Contracted (same in Europe for nobles) o Concubinage/polygamy (10 percent)  Hierarchy  Primary and secondary wives  Women got married around 17 or 18 years old  Poor men didn’t have much chance at marriage  Women mostly all got married  Marriage ages were lower in China o Surname exogamy: cannot marry within surname  In Europe sometimes married relatives to maintain close control of wealth  Children o China:  Female infanticide  Widow chastity  Widows monument: if husband dies, can’t remarry and stay inside compound and think about memories of husband  Male adoption was common in china o Rare in Europe  Inheritance problems in china o Partible inheritance  All sons split inheritance  Property dwindles with each generation  Europe divided between primogeniture and partible inheritance  Chinese women own property only via dowry (stuff her old family brought to the marriage  Sentimentality and “childhood” in Europe o Kids just as capable of thinking as adults, just a little human  Breastfeeding o With mom instead of a “wet nurse” Lecture – 2/12/16  Children were born a set way, only thing that changed in growing up was physical appearances (belief of Europeans)  “Separate Spheres” and inequality o Nobility imagined that women could be the same as men  Men and women lived in completely different spheres o Women’s sphere in house, domestic affairs o Lower on socio-economic scale the more likely it would be for women to outside  Looked down upon  Similar to Chinese  China: foot binding o Status symbol o Widows maintain harmony by not remarrying and living life  Wrap feet very tightly in linen o Deforms food o Shows very high class status o Erotic for men o Cultural symbol o The new masculinity to blame?  Painting, calligraphy, and books were now masculine instead of swords and war o Foot binding in response to that?  Popular religion:  Chinese ancestor worship formed the foundation for their religious worldview, while Europeans worshipped paternal god, what consequences did this have?  Chinese religious worldview o Flexible, no rigid dogma (no branches of religion)  Polytheism vs. monotheism o Europeans believed in one god but argue about the ways to do it o No equivalent priestly class in China, more relaxed  Taoist cosmology o Yin : Yang o Female : Male o Evil : Good o Death : Life o Dark : Light o Channeling of energy is chi, flows through everything  Veins of minerals in earth are chi, everything is bound by chi o Earth as an organism o Cosmic order and harmony o Energy flow o Nature and energy  Mt. Tai (Taishan) o Mountains were strong locations for cosmic energy  Taoist Geomancy o Feng Shui o Building graves always had to be on a hill with water flowing underneath o Buildings built north to south  An “auspicious day” o Calendars: determining what time someone was born, to find astrological sign o Knowing time and location of any event o Zodiac (compass) o Time and place  Chinese adopted compass in the 2 nd century to determine times and places, not for navigation  Ritual was critical o Faith is foundation of western religion o China is more about ritual, less believing in it o China is all about family and lineage  You would stop existing in nobody took care of your grave (china)  Hungry soul – body soul o Disrupt your life somehow  Body soul: stays with bones when you rest, always will be there  Spirit soul: can become immortal if family takes care of your grave  Hungry ghost: what happens when living don’t honor their dead  Domestic ancestor worship o Had paper that showed ancestors names in home o Name sheet  Linage cult o Sole route to immortality o Seat in ancestral hall (endowments) o 40 generations in south china  Have to be wealthy  Need 7 generations to revere you after death in order to get immortality, tablet must not rot  Zao Jun: god of hearth (home)  Tu Di Gong: god of earth (village)  Cheng Huan Ye: god of city (country)  Married hierarchy and bureaucracy in heavens as earth o Yo huang – the jade emperor  Need money in heavens and also fill out paperwork and all that stuff o Passports, visas o Afterlife just an extension of the present o Thus the importance of the son of heaven  Guanyin o A Bodhisattva, the Goddess of mercy  Patron of unmarried young women  Christian cosmology o God the father, judgment, individual souls and salvation, different than China


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.