New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Bio 103 Joints notes

by: Erika Chalker

Bio 103 Joints notes Biology 103

Erika Chalker
CSU Chico
GPA 3.6

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover all areas of the joints and all joint types
Principles of Human Anatomy
Gary Arnet
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Principles of Human Anatomy

Popular in Biology

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erika Chalker on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Biology 103 at California State University Chico taught by Gary Arnet in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Principles of Human Anatomy in Biology at California State University Chico.


Reviews for Bio 103 Joints notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/15/16
Joints  Any point where two bones meet  Arthrology= Study of joint structure, function, and dysfunction  Kinesiology= Study of musculoskeletal movement  Four types of Joints 1. Bony Joint (Synostosis)= Two bones that are ossified together. Fusion of fibrous or cartilaginous joints o Example= Mandibular bones, some cranial structures, epyphysis with diaphysis, infant’s frontal suture fusing 2. Fibrous Joints= Collagen fibers bind with little to no movement. 3 types: o Suture= Skull bones o Gomphosis= Tooth to socket o Syndesmosis= Bound by long fibrous tissue 3.Cartilaginous Joints= Cartilage joint. 2 types o Synchondrosis (hyaline) locations= Epiphyseal plates o Symphysis (fibrocartilage) locations= Pubic symphysis, intervertebral discs 4.Synovial Joints= Most common joint. Ranges from freely moveable to limited mobility. Most structurally complex  Articular Cartilage= Always surrounds joints. Example: Hyaline cartilage  Joint Cavity= Narrow space in between bones  Joint Capsule= Encloses cavity and retains fluid o Fibrous Capsule= Made up of dense irregular connective tissue  Synovial Membrane= Produces synovial fluid  Ligaments= Attaches bone to bone and is made up of dense regular connective tissue  Articular Disc= Fibrocartilage pad that crosses the entire capsule (sternoclavicular joint)  Meniscus= Doesn’t cross the entire capsule (knee joint)  Bursa(e)= Fibrous capsule filled with synovial fluid. Acts as a cushion. Found between adjacent muscles, bone, and skin. Source of Bursitis  Tendon Sheaths= Tubes wrapped around tendons, especially in the hand and foot. Minimizes friction and is source of tendonitis *Cartilage is non vascular  Exercise improves nutrition, oxygenation, and waste removal of chondrocytes, creating healthier tissue Movements of Synovial Joints  Range of Motion (ROM)= Number of degrees through which one bone moves relative to another at that joint  Factors affecting ROM o Structure of articular surfaces of bones o Strength and tautness of ligaments and joint capsules o Action of muscles and tendons  Movement Terms for Synovial Joints o Flexion= To bend Extension= To extend o Abduction= Moving away from the body Adduction= Moving toward the body o Elevation= To raise (elevating mandible) Depression= To lower (opening mouth) o Protraction= Move something forward Retraction= Moving mandible back o Circumduction= Move in a circle (appendicular system) 2 Rotation= Right and left rotation of axial skeleton. Lateral or medial rotation of appendicular skeleton. o Supination= Palms face up o Pronation= Palms face down o Radial flexion= Wrists move away from body toward radius o Ulnar flexion= Moves toward body, toward ulna o Dorsiflexion= Foot. Bend toes up o Plantarflexion= Foot. Bend toes down o Inversion= Foot. Move medially. Sole facing medial o Eversion= Foot. Bend ankle outward, sole facing laterally  Tibiofemoral (knee joint) External o Quadriceps tendon= Extends from femur. Extends leg lower o Patella o Patellar ligament o Lateral (fibular) collateral ligament o Medial (tibial) collateral ligament o Medial meniscus  Knee Joint Internal o Anterior Cruciate Ligament= Prevents hyperextension o Lateral meniscus o Lateral (fibular) collateral ligament= Prevents knee rotation o Posterior Cruciate Ligament o Medial Meniscus= Distribute force on knee prevents side movements  Lateral View o Anterior Cruciate ligament o Posterior= Prevents posterior displacement of tibia o Quadriceps tendon o Patella o Patellar ligament 3 4


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.