New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 4- Social Views of Delinquency

by: Jocelyn Rossell

Chapter 4- Social Views of Delinquency Soc 4511

Marketplace > Ohio State University > Sociology > Soc 4511 > Chapter 4 Social Views of Delinquency
Jocelyn Rossell
GPA 3.325

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes from 2/9/16 and 2/11/16 with Dana Haynie Social Structure Theories, Social Process Theories and Critical Theory
Juvenile Delinquency
Dana Haynie
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Juvenile Delinquency

Popular in Sociology

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jocelyn Rossell on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 4511 at Ohio State University taught by Dana Haynie in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see Juvenile Delinquency in Sociology at Ohio State University.


Reviews for Chapter 4- Social Views of Delinquency


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/16/16
Chapter 4- Sociological Views of Delinquency 02/16/2016 1. Social Structure Theories a. Social disorganization b. Anomie/strain c. Cultural Deviance Theories 2. Social Process Theories a. Social learning Theory b. Social Control Theory c. Social Reaction Theory 3. Critical Theory ▯ ▯ Social Structure Theories  What are the social factors believed to cause or affect delinquency?      Interpersonal Interactions  families, peers, schools, jobs      Community Conditions  neighborhoods, school      Social Change  political unrest/mistrust; economic stress; family dissolution      Socioeconomic Status  Poverty      Racial Disparity  Unequal distribution of resources by race ▯  Aspects of Social Structure Theories o Delinquency function of person’s place in social & economic structure o Social & economic forces operating in disadvantaged areas push residents into crime  Culture of Poverty  Oscar Lewis  Lower­class residents develop a separate culture with distinct  values and norms  Norms of Underclass Structure o Toughness o Don’t back down o De­emphasize education o Present­oriented o Mistrust of police o What effect do these values have on crime?  Underclass or truly disadvantaged  William J Wilson­ individuals who reside in impoverished  neighborhoods and can’t leave   Need to focus on structure & conditions 1. Social Disorganization Theory      Shaw and McKay’s work in Chicago  Notes high crime areas in Chicago persisted over time despite different groups of immigrants moving in and out  Crime is result of neighborhood characteristics, not individual  characteristics      Neighborhoods characterized by:   Lack of cohesiveness­ people don’t know each other well  transient population  cultural conflict  insufficient organization – can’t work together well  o Spiral of Disorganization Poverty  Residential instability  low social control  collective efficacy  declines  gangs rampant  community fear  more poverty (poorest of  poor)  Collective efficacy­ residents don’t trust others  Community fear­ residents leave if possible 2. Anomie/Strain Theory o In America, almost everyone has same goals­ American Dream? o Strain  condition caused by the failure to achieve one’s social goals o Anomie  without acceptable means for obtaining success, individuals feel strain  (experience anomie)   Turn to deviant methods to achieve goals  crime o Strain is not evenly distributed­ more likely in disadvantaged areas o General Strain Theory  Agnew  More sources of strain than economic strain  Four types of strain:  Failure to achieve positively valued goals  Wanting a boyfriend, wanting a car, college  Disjunction of expectations and achievements  Thinking did well, but poor result  Removal of positive stimuli, taken away  Breakups, credit card taken  Presentation of negative stimuli  Abuse, death  Delinquency linked to various types of strain  If strain results in anger, crime more likely 3. Cultural Deviance Theory o Delinquency a result of youth’s adoption of lower­class neighborhood cultural values o Subcultures may have unique values that clash with mainstream culture o Youth may experience culture conflict and code switching ▯ ▯ ▯ Social Process Theories  Socialization­ process of learning values/norms of the society of subculture to which  individuals belong o Guide people into behavior through information, approval, rewards &  punishments  1 .     Social Learning Theory o Delinquency is learned through close relationships with others o Differential Association Theory  Criminal behavior is learned primarily in interpersonal groups  Become delinquent if­ definitions learned in groups that are favorable  to violating the law exceed definitions favorable to obeying the law o Deviant values  significant others hold values that support deviance o Exposure  Youth are exposed to deviant norms and values while in intimate  contact with significant others  o Learning  Norms and values are transferred to youth through learning  experiences o Delinquent Behavior o Ex­ Gran Torino, Child Soldiers in Somalia 2. Social Control Theory o Premise­ all people are born bad & need to have controls placed on them in  order for them to act good o Whose job is it? – parents, school, friends o Hirschi­ theorist  Everyone has potential to commit crime  People controlled by bonds/attachments to society  If bonds are weak, delinquency results      Social Bonds  Attachment (emotion)  Commitment (stake in conformity)  Belief (moral code)  Involvement (amount of time spent in conventional activities)  3 .     Social Reaction Theory o Focuses on how society reacts to individuals o Stigmatized people  o Labeling Theory  Society creates deviance through system of social control agencies that labels certain individuals as delinquent  Initial delinquent act  Detection by the justice system  Decision to label  Creation of a new identity  Acceptance of labels  Deviance amplification­ stigmatized youth locked into criminal careers o Self Labeling  Person who has been negatively labeled accepts the label as a personal  role or identity  Self­fulfilling prophecy­ as a result of internalized label, youth acts the way society expects them to  ▯    Critical Theory Law defined by those who hold social and political power those in power use justice system to maintain their status while keeping others  subservient the upper­class use the law as a means to control others and to meet any threats to its  status


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.