Asian Philosophy week 1
Asian Philosophy week 1 PHILOS 2120 - 0010
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PHILOS 2120 - 0010
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by mattis.12 on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHILOS 2120 - 0010 at Ohio State University taught by Steven Brown in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 96 views. For similar materials see Asian Philosophies in PHIL-Philosophy at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 02/16/16
Asian Philosophy What is philosophy? Greek: philosophia (love of wisdom) Rational inquiry into questions that matter, but cannot be settled by the scientiﬁc method Subdivisions of philosophy: - metaphysics: study of existence - ethics: study of right and wrong - epistemology: the study of knowledge Asian Philosophies The philosophies of Asia are connected geographically, historically, and conceptually Buddhism is a heresy of Hinduism (like a child of) Asian philosophies tend to embrace ideas that are similar to each other, but different than western ideas. What is Ultimate Reality? Personal Impersonal Monotheism: one God i.e. Judaism, Pantheism: everything is God i.e. Daoism, Christianity, Islam Hinduism -belief that God has 3 core properties: Atheism: There is/are no G/god(s) i.e. 1.) Omnipotence (all powerful) Buddhism 2.) Omniscience (all knowing) 3.) Omnibenevolent (perfectly good) Polytheism: Many gods i.e. Classical Greek religions, Roman religion, Paganisms, Norse, Egyptians, “Primitive” religions What is the relationship between religions and philosophy? - religions contain philosophical claims - religions also contain rituals, reading lists, authority structures, etc. - Nussbaum reading - A range of errors that we can fall into when engaging other cultures Descriptive (having to do with how things are) - Normative ( Having to do with how things ought - Chauvinism: Recreating the other in the to be) image of oneself, reading the strange as - Chauvinism: Our culture is the best, others are exactly like what is familiar. inferior - chauvinism is an error because other cultures - Arcadianism/ Utopianism: The other culture is really are different. When we practice untouched by the vices of our own culture. chauvinism we are not grasping/ fully - Skepticism: Suspend all normative judgement understanding the different culture • ex. seeing another culture as “other” and - Romanticism: Expression of a romantic feeling inapt to make any judgement about it. longing for exotic experiences that our own • not the same as tolerance. familiar lives seem to deny us. • Tolerant people don’t tolerate everything, they - In fact, no culture is exactly like one’s own. often tolerate something EVEN THOUGH they But neither are other cultures totally different. believe that it is bad. - BUT overall, people are people: yummy food • ex. After presidential election, the people who is to be desired, attractive people are to be supported the candidate who was runner up mated with. will tolerate the winning candidate. - - No culture is completely good, and none completely bad. All cultures have their strengths and their ﬂaws. Some things to note: - Real cultures are plural, not singular • Good conversation recognizes this and - Real cultures contain argument, resistance, and proceeds slowly and carefully. constellation of norms. - CURE FOR NORMATIVE CHAUVINISM= - In real cultures, what most people think is CURIOSITY different from what the most famous - CURE FOR ARCADIANISM/UTOPIANISM= intellectuals think. VIGOROUS DEBATE - Real cultures have a present as well as a past. - CURE FOR SKEPTICISM= COMMON HUMAN PROBLEMS