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Intro to Sociology Week 4 Notes

by: Alexa Marie

Intro to Sociology Week 4 Notes SYG2000

Marketplace > University of South Florida > Sociology > SYG2000 > Intro to Sociology Week 4 Notes
Alexa Marie
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About this Document

These notes will cover what was discussed in class during the week of 02/01-02/03
Intro to Sociology
Dr. Tyson
Class Notes
values, Language, self, Norms, mores, Folkways




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexa Marie on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SYG2000 at University of South Florida taught by Dr. Tyson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at University of South Florida.

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Date Created: 02/16/16
Sociology  Week  4  02/01-­‐03       Language  is  a  way  to  express  meaning,  it’s  an  important  symbol  that  we  use   to  communicate  with  each  other.  It’s  attached  to  culture  in  many  specific  ways.   Language  forms  the  reality  itself.  Can  also  shape  our  senses,  how  we  taste,  see,   smell,  hear,  etc.  Example:  People  in  restaurants  order  food  that  sounds  fancier  even   though  if  it  were  in  English  consumers  wouldn’t  spend  as  much.  Haricoverts:  Green   beans.  Non-­‐verbal  communication  includes  everything  but  the  words  we  use  and   how  we  use  those  words.  It  includes  gestures,  posture,  facial  expressions.  This  can   be  ways  we  communicate  ideas  to  each  other.  Some  people  learn  in  different  ways   beyond  imply  what  is  said  but  what  is  communicated  non-­‐verbally.  It  helps  people   identify  what  exactly  is  said  in  the  message  being  relayed  verbally.       One  of  the  main  things  that  we  transfer  from  one  to  another  within  a  society   is  what  is  expected  of  us  within  a  society  (NORMS).  Norms  is  a  broad  term  of  the   established  behavior  within  a  society  in  certain  situations.  They  help  us  navigate   through  society.  Formal  norms  are  usually  written  down  and  come  with  a  specific   punishment.  Example:  laws,  tickets,  policies,  rules.  Informal  norms  is  what  expected   of  us  but  not  necessarily  written  down.  It’s  something  we  learn  growing  up,  trial  or   error,  reading  about.  Continually  being  negotiated  through  our  interactions  within   our  society.  May  not  be  accepted  here  but  can  be  accepted  somewhere  else.  There  is   no  informal  governing  body  at  USF,  it  is  talked  about  between  our  peers.     Folkways  are  what  accepted  in  society.  Example:  chew  your  food  with  mouth  open.   Mores  have  to  do  with  the  morality  of  behavior.     Intro  to  Sociology  Week  4  02/03     Values  are  a  stable  part  of  society  that  we  tend  to  maintain  a  sense  of  values   throughout  our  life.  We  learn  that  from  the  age  of  socialization.  Culture  changes  over   time.  People  live  in  different  places  and  that’s  how  cultures  are  made.  Examples:   Where  you  live,  climate,  accent,  sports,  etc.  There  are  cultural  differences  within  our   society.  Certain  populations  develop  their  own  patterns.  The  different  aspects  of   these  variations  are  subcultures.  They  have  a  distinctive  pattern  with  their  values  or   “own  thing  going  on”  such  as  ethnic  enclave.  A  counterculture  could  be  hippies  in   the  60s,  a  dangerous  group  (terrorists,  hate  groups).  Culture  lag  is  a  period  of   maladjustment  in  which  the  non-­‐material  part  of  culture  are  struggling  to  adapt.   Culture  shock  is  the  surprise  of  what  happens  when  you  encounter  cultural   practices  that  are  different  than  your  own.  Ethnocentrism  is  when  you  prefer  your   culture  over  others.  Cultural  relativism  is  when  you  encounter  new  cultures  and   learn  about  it.  Socialization  is  how  we  learn  about  our  world  and  acquire  the  specific   knowledge  of  how  we  live.  We  learn  attitudes  and  behaviors  and  members  of  a   particular  culture.  We  figure  out  how  to  behave  by  interacting  with  other  people   who  teach  us  how  to  behave.  We  receive  certain  sanctions.  The  main  way  we   educate  future  generations.  People  are  always  figuring  out  how  to  act  and  what  to   know  within  their  culture.  Human  development  throughout  the  life  course  is  always   influenced  by  socialization.  We  may  have  a  personality  that  is  unique  to  us  but  how   we  use  that  personality  may  be  different  with  the  experiences  we  have.       The  looking  glass  self-­‐perspective  says  itself  is  a  product  of  our  social   interactions  with  others.  We  first  imagine  how  you  present  yourself  to  others.  You   may  self-­‐censor  and  watch  what  you  say  to  people.  You  decide  how  you  want  to  be   perceived  and  act  on  that.  Non-­‐verbal  language  is  definitely  a  key  into  how  we  see   ourselves.  We  imagine  how  others  evaluate  us.  As  we  become  socialized  in  society   we  get  these  messages  from  others.  Your  perception  may  be  different  based  on  the   feedback  you  get  from  others.       Preparatory/mimicking  stage  that  is  usually  seen  in  children  and  how  they   imitate  the  people  around  them.  Preparing  to  be  big  human  beings.  Children   pretend  to  be  other  people  and  go  through  this  process  of  role-­‐taking  in  order  to   assume  a  perspective  from  another.  That’s  when  children  begin  to  become   empathetic  and  view  things  from  a  “role”  and  acting  from  that  viewpoint.  “Putting   yourself  in  someone  else’s  shoes.”  Through  this  behavior,  children  learn  how  to  see   the  world  in  other  ways.  We  as  individuals  are  continually  learning  how  to  engage   with  other  people.       The  game  stage  grasps  social  positions  as  well  as  seeing  the  social  positions   of  people  around  you.  Understanding  how  society  is  structured  in  terms  of  people  in   different  positions  and  knowing  that  they  need  to  move  through  different  roles.  We   understand  what  our  position  is  in  different  structures.  In  this  respect,  children   learn  how  to  assume  their  status  to  other  people.       Impression  management  as  us  as  social  actors  and  playing  social  roles.   Goffman  came  up  with  this  theory  where  come  up  with  impression  management   and  it  accounts  for  when  you  act  differently  in  order  to  accomplish  a  certain  goal.   We  move  from  situation  to  situation  and  “put  our  best  foot  forward”  and  play   different  roles.  Goffman  came  up  with  his  analogy  of  a  play  to  describe  the  roles  we   play  at  any  given  moment  to  the  audience.  We  perform  a  role  in  relation  to  the   audience  that’s  society.  Front  stage  is  judged  by  people  in  society.  The  back  stage   helps  us  figure  out  how  to  refine  our  performance  so  we  can  reveal  it  to  the   audience.  When  you  think  about  what  you’re  going  to  say  ahead  of  time  it  is   considered  back  stage  so  you  can  get  a  certain  reaction  by  your  audience  when  you   approach  front  stage.      


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