PSCI 2054 (Introduction to World Politics), January 25th Notes
PSCI 2054 (Introduction to World Politics), January 25th Notes PSCI 2054
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madeleine Cáceres on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 2054 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Dr. Thomas in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Introduction to World Politics in Political Science at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.
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Date Created: 02/16/16
January 25 (Monday)—Lecture Notes - In current news: Zika virus in LatinAmerica, suggest delayed procreation. Criticized the policy because of impracticability. - The Kurds are a stateless nation, occupy parts of Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Syria. One of the largest ethnic groups in the world without a country.An ally of the United States. Fighting and winning against ISIS. Not technically supposed to be a military. - The monopoly on violence: only sovereign states are allowed to have a military. So the Kurds are problematic for Turkey and therefore United States (because NATO). - Article 5 of NATO Treaty: “An attack on one is an attack on all.” - Turkey is in NATO because they were a very important strategic location in relation to Russia during the Cold War. - There is pressure from academics to stop legally persecuting the Kurds, which was completely shut down byTurkey. This looks bad toWestern countries, and will cause Turkish academics to leave the country. - TheArmenian genocide by the Ottoman government (denied). So what doesTurkey have against the Kurds? - NATO Treaty made sense in the context of the ColdWar. Mutually assured destruction kept in check smaller problems which have now come to light after the war has ended. - Social sciences: active voice, because the researcher is part of the process. In natural sciences: passive voice, because the person involved doesn’t matter. - In social sciences, you cannot repeat experiments (for example,WorldWar I andWorld II are the closest you can get to replicability), which is why theories are diﬀerent than in natural sciences. They are not about predicting, but rather explaining.Theories boil down politics to fewer variables, so that you can combine theoretical perspectives to create a clear picture. - Avoid getting attached to any one theory. - International Relations (about 193 countries in the world): Interactions BETWEEN andAMONG states (trade, diplomacy, conﬂict).A state-centered world. - Sovereignty: the capacity to kill your own people without anyone telling you that you cannot do it. A status that allows participation in U.N. aﬀairs.An actor, an agent on the international level. - External (being recognized by other states) vs. internal (being recognized by its own people) legitimacy. - Is sovereignty a license to kill? To commit genocide against your own population? Destroy natural resources that other states depend upon? Enact international policies that violate human rights? Have slavery? Be so dominated by corporations that make policy? Is sovereignty a social construct that can be suspended? - World Politics (issues that play out on the world state, role of non-state actors, links back to international relations, a pretty meaningless term). - Dealing with 9/11.A terrorist network inAfghanistan, so even thoughAl Qaeda was made up of SaudiArabians, the government of Afghanistan (theTaliban) sanctioned their training. - Acknowledges that non-state actors have an important part to play in politics.They lack traditional understandings of power, so states don’t know what to do with them. - Globalization (means something diﬀerent to everyone who uses it): transnationalism, interdependence, supranationality, sub-nationalism, hyper-globalists vs. skeptics. - About the increasing interdependence between organization. So we need news ways to work together.
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