Intro to World Politics February 15th-19th
Intro to World Politics February 15th-19th PSCI 2054
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madeleine Cáceres on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 2054 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Dr. Thomas in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Introduction to World Politics in Political Science at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.
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Date Created: 02/16/16
WEEK OF FEBRUARY 15th-19th February 17 (Wednesday) - More tension with Russia. - Neo-Realism (NOT the same as Neo-Classical Realism) - Developed by Kenneth Waltz, a structural approach to international relations. Based on idea of polar powers. More reductionist view of world politics than realism. Only powers that matter are “Great Powers” (economic, military, diplomatic, cultural, etc) and “Super Powers,” (military capacity to completely destroy it’s enemies) both of which fall under “Polar Powers.” - Structure determines policy. Structure changes slowly and infrequently. - Multiple polarities are unstable. Best set up for world powers is 2 (because of mutually assured destruction, most stable), then 5 (so that the 5th can be the tiebreaker), never 3 (because then two will ally against the other, and the strongest will shoot ﬁrst). - “We didn’t get out of the ColdWar by on MAD, we got by on stupid, dumb luck.”The problem with Waltz is he looks at history, and thinks that’s why things happened. Cannot assign structural motivation for events. Structural theory makes sense to a POINT. Reductionism doesn’t make sense! Conditionality in history making the diﬀerence (a single person or a whole state). Waltz lacks imagination, tries to predict (DON’TDO THIS). February 19 (Friday) - Realism does no explain cooperation among states, integration, and many globalization related features (transnationalism). National issuesARE important, but not according to realists. - LIBERALISM is about self restraint, compromise, peace, progress, individualism, tolerance, freedom, constitutionalism, and self-determination (power of people to choose their own government). Don’t believe power is a zero-sum game.There is space for diﬀerent answers to the same question. If not document, at least tradition to go back to. Creates stability, equity, etc. Explains institutions. - The LiberalTradition—all citizens are equal with rights to education, free press, free trade, religious tolerance, open markets. States are like people.There are crimes the state can commit that can result in the removal of sovereignty (for example, genocide). Liberals care far more about state’s internal aﬀairs than realists do. Liberals are INSTITUTIONALISTS. - FUNCTIONALISM—free trade stops war. So intricately economically interconnected, war between two will not be possible…for example, the United States and China. Prior to World War I—an eﬀort to get countries to cooperate with telephones, etc, etc. - NEO-FUNCTIONALISM—countries have to commit (a conscious decision) to binding their economies so that war was impossible. Marshall comes up with the Marshall Plan—coal and steel—based oﬀ this idea. - Institutions are the key for transparency and accountability (in example, made sure we were okay with each other’s agreement, made sure answers couldn’t be changed). - Arealist has a fundamental advantage over liberalists.Weaknesses of liberalism=does not explain the prevalence of war, defection, aggression, and other realist qualities. Much greater advantage defecting in a liberal world than in a realist world. - NEO-LIBERALISM—an economic and political theory (late 1900s). Based on idea of 1) privatization, 2) deregulation, and 3) unhindered trade. - Banana Republic—whole country is owned by foreign corporation.Are you still sovereign? This is the problem with neo-liberalism. - Layers: bark, cork cambium, phloem. Then sapwood, heartwood, and the pith (all xylem). Cut through by vascular cambium. Also, growth rings—lateral meristem.