Connect Core Concepts in Health- Ch. 2
Connect Core Concepts in Health- Ch. 2 HLTH 101-001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kerby Rachel on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HLTH 101-001 at Towson University taught by Krish Vaidya in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see HLTH 101 WELLNESS FOR A DIVERSE SOCIETY in Nursing and Health Sciences at Towson University.
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Date Created: 02/16/16
Connect Core Concepts in Health- Chapter 2 Notes Stress refers to the stressor and stress responsStressor is defined as a situation that triggers physical and emotional reactionStress response reacts to the stressors. Stress is defined as the physical and emotional state that goes along with the stress response. Physical Responses to Stressors The nervous system and the endocrine system are responsible for physical responses to stressors. Instantaneous Physical changes are called thefight or flight reaction. Afight or flight reaction is a defense mechanism that prepares you to avoid danger as swiftly as possible. Once a stressful event ends,homeostasis takes over the body. Homeostasis is returning back to your normal state of bodily functions. Emotional and Behavioral Responses to Stressors Emotional stress responses to stressors include anger, fear, and depression. Behavioral responses our under our control. We react the way we want to depending on the situation. Personality Types Type A – Type A personalities have an aggressive and hostile attitude towards certain situations and others. Type B - Type B personalities are calm and laid back towards certain situations and others. Type C - Type C personalities have difficulty expressing their emotions towards different situations and others. Three types of resilience- Nonreactive resilience- No reaction to a stressor Homeostatic resilience- One may act strongly to a stressor but will quickly go back to homeostasis Positive growth resilience- One may learn and grow from a stress experience Causes of stress Cultural background, gender roles, and past experiences General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) (! IMPORTANT! - Will be on midterm) - What Biologist Hans Selye described to be a universal and predictable response pattern to all stressors. Eustress- stress triggered by a pleasant stressor Distress- stress triggered by an unpleasant stressor Three Stages of GAS- Alarm- The central and nervous system all have chemical reactions to “alarm” the body of possible dangers. Resistance- The body develops a new level of homeostasis and can resist disease and/or injury. Exhaustion- Failure to recover from stress. Psychoneuroimmunology - The study of the interactions between the nervous, endocrine, and immune systems. Acute stress - Stress that occurs quickly after a stressor; it can last from minutes to long term. Chronic stress - Stress that continues for a long period of time. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - People who have experienced, witnessed, and suffered severe trauma such as rape, child abuse, and domestic violence is characterized by nightmares, flashbacks, and a limited capacity to experience or express emotion. Common sources of stress Major life changes (early adulthood, the transition from high school to college, marriage, etc.) Daily hassles in life (household hassles, financial hassles, family hassles, etc.) College stressors such as academic stress, interpersonal (multitasking roles) stress, and time pressures Job/School related stressors Social Stressors Environmental Stressors Managing Stress in a Healthy Way (Recommended) Make sure you have support from family and friends Strengthen communication skills Incorporate healthy exercise, diet, and sleep in your schedule Learn to identify and moderate individual stressors Having time management skills will reduce your stress significantly if you plan your day accordingly. Relaxation Techniques such as breathing exercises, yoga, meditation, and listening to your favorite music Create a personalized plan by documenting everything you’re willing to change about managing your stress. Managing Stress in an Unhealthy Way (Not recommended) Tobacco use Use of alcohol or drugs Unhealthy eating habits Getting Started Seek help from a friend, teacher, family member, a member of the community, or someone you trust if you need help getting started on a healthier and better way of coping and dealing with stress. There’s also many counseling centers available that’ll be able to assist your specific needs
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