Intro to Theatre, Week 3 Notes
Intro to Theatre, Week 3 Notes CO 1503
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebecca Smith on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CO 1503 at Mississippi State University taught by William Stockstill in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Intro to Theatre in Communication at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 02/16/16
Intro to Theatre Greek Theatre Only in Athens Birthplace of modern western theatre th 4 century Dithyramb State sponsored religious festival Celebrates Dionysus o Fertility o Wine Phallika o Parade o State sponsored o Parade in honor of Dionysus o Giant phallus’s were carried by city officials o Giant party- everybody got drunk o Sacrifices of goats were made to the god o At the end of the parade were young boys Phallus o Symbol of fertility Sex o At climax you are closer to the gods Dithyramb o Song sung to the god Dionysus o Military trained boys would form a chorus that had around 50 people in it o They would compete for best performance First Actor 534 BCE Thespis wins the dithyramb competition with a performance that he wrote and acted in Regarded as the first actor Stepped forward out of the chorus and narrated story to audience Competitions Government sponsored Required attendance for all Athenian citizens Requirements for playwrights o 3 tragedies o 1 satyr play o Each writer would get their own day in a competition for his plays to be performed Choregos o Private citizen that provided all financial needs for chorus and playwright Tragedy Tragoidia- goat skin Considered the highest form of art Subject o Ancient story or myth o Dealt with a separated class Kings Heroes Characters o Hamaratia- tragic flaw o Hubris- pride, common flaw Satyr Play Satirical in nature Chorus’s were dressed as satyrs with large erect phallus’s Plays Coming from dithyrambs Song and dance Lines often chanted and musically accompanied Modern musical Performers Males only Masked actors with large bright costumes o Masks acted as microphones and had blank faces on them Only 1-3 actors per performance that played all the roles Chorus Same as dithyramb The voice of the city and represents the audience Role o Comment on the play’s action o Provide back story o Control the audience’s reactioin Aeschylus Big work: Oresteia Trilogy Emphasis of the story on the actor not the chorus o He wrote dialogue Reduced the size of the chorus Introduced the 2 actor Trilogy format Characters o Preferred kings and royal families o Myths Sophocles Big work: Oedipus cycle Added another actor to create the 3 actor format Chorus was even smaller- 15 members Wrote 120 plays; only 7 survived o Oedipus Rex o Perfect play o Standard for a tragedy Characters o Kings o Known for introducing psychological motivation Euripides Big work: Bacchae, Medea The rebel playwright o Plays often dealt with controversial topics Anti-war Anti-government Revenge Anti-hero o Characters of low class and women o Female characters were huge Introduced the prologue to provide backstory The Comedians Subject matter o Social issues such as political and cultural issues o Similar to satyr plays Chorus was usually non-human Made fun of political figures o Who were usually in the audience Raunchy and dirty Lysistrata Aristophanes o Only comic playwright we have plays from o Intelligently written scripts o Dealt with serious issues Storyline o Inciting incident- beginning, meeting with women representatives o Conflict- women want end to war o Solution- give up sex, take over treasury o 2 choruses- old men and old women banter back and forth o Crisis- women start missing husbands during middle of play o Lysistrata gets more serious at end o Compares government to making a wool suit, there are lots of steps to bring together citizens o Plan has spread everywhere and is working o Rod scene: woman teases man, plays with audience o Climax- not big, sudden ending
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