Intro to Sociology, Week 3 Notes
Intro to Sociology, Week 3 Notes SO 1003
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebecca Smith on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1003 at Mississippi State University taught by Robert Montgomery in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in History at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 02/16/16
Intro to Sociology Chapter 3 What is culture? Culture is a way of life for a group of people It’s a set of beliefs, traditions, and practices The concept of culture is always changing and has evolved and expanded throughout history The oldest understanding of culture focuses on the distinction between: o Natural environment o Things to do with humans Ethnocentrism When we come into contact with other cultures, we think our culture is the best and knows everything and don’t want anything to do with any other culture Ethnocentrism o Judging other cultures based on superiority of own culture Cultural relativism Developed by Ruth Benedict in 1930s Idea to seek to understand where each culture comes from and to not judge their differences Subculture Everybody belongs to several different cultures We belong to smaller groups within society known as subcultures They have their own set of values, norms, and way of living Values and Norms Values are beliefs like right and wrong Norms are rules based on values Socialization is how we learn the values and norms of our culture in order to fit in as a member of that society Other terms from this chapter Nonmaterial culture o Values, norms, beliefs, and behaviors Material culture o Everything that is part of the constructed, physical environment we are a part of Ideology o How things relate to each other Cultural scripts o Types of behavior that is not the same across the world Reflection theory o The idea that culture is a projection of social relationships and structure Media o Anything that communicates a message Hegemony o When a group in power uses its superiority to get the masses to agree Consumerism o buying more things in order to fell happy Culture jamming o When media is turned against themselves
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