POSC 1010 Week 1-2 Notes
POSC 1010 Week 1-2 Notes POSC 1010
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindsey Green on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POSC 1010 at Clemson University taught by Dr. Olson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Intro to American Government in Political Science at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 02/16/16
POSC 1010: January 13 , 2016 Introduction Popular sovereignty- power ultimately resides with the governed; legitimacy of the government depends on the consent of the governed. Equality of Opportunity- everyone has an equal chance from the outset; not a guarantee of equality of outcome Political Science- empirical and normative study of politics (who gets what, when, and how) and government (institutions designed to facilitate and perpetuate the power of rulers) Wednesday, January 20, 2016 What is populism? Populism Rejection of elite democracy Rooted in distrust of “the system” Supported by people who feel “the system” does not represent them Populist politicians often tell disaffected people what they want to hear in plain terms Populist politician examples- Reverend Pat Robertson, Jesse Jackson, Bernie Sanders, & Donald Trump Elite democracy- democracy based on the ideas of the people with the most power/money Popular Democracy- democracy & government based on the popular opinion of the people within the democracy. What Does Government Do? 1. Maintain Order 2. Collect revenue to provide public goods (taxes) Clean Water- Flint, MI- switched the water source, now clean water is not available. Schools Bridges Street lights Garbage Collection Air Traffic Controllers Parks 3. Promote equality among citizens- by actively saying certain groups/individuals in a country are being left behind. Free & reduced lunch Medicaid “obamacare” January 25, 2016 American Constitutional Democracy Social contract that limits government power, codified in the U.S. Constitution and state constitutions Belief in natural rights (right of basic human dignity for all people) Political and economic culture rooted in the ideal of individual freedom Right to vote Freedom of expression Freedom of assembly Rule of law The Articles of Confederation First formal social contact among the 13 colonies 1777-1787 (Revolutionary War and immediate aftermath) Established just one branch of government (legislative) The national government had no way to enforce or interpret laws “Fragile league of friendship” among self-governing colonies/states States had all the real power Articles of Confederation were almost impossible to amend Shays’ Rebellion 1787 Constitutional Convention 12 of the 13 states appointed a total of 74 delegates 55 showed up in Philadelphia 40 took part in the work of the Constitutional Convention The Framers of the Constitution The Constitutional framers were elites The framers worked to protect their own interests and those of their states The Virginia Plan Larger population- more representation State population = all free people Congress can remove chief executives Supreme Court can veto state laws The New Jersey Plan Equal representation for each state State population= all people (free and enslaved) A majority of the states can remove chief executives Supreme Court has no power over the states The Connecticut Compromise Bicameral Congress Three-Fifths Compromise Congress can remove the president (one person) “Judicial power shall extend to all cases … arising under this Constitution” January 27 , 2016 The U.S. Constitution: The Final Product The Preamble We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union Article 1: Congress’ Powers All the powers that congress is granted- enumerated powers Article II: President’s Powers Article III: U.S. Supreme Court’s powers Article IV: Relations between states and between states and the federal government Article V: How to amend the Constitution Article VI: Establishes the Constitution as the supreme law of the land Article VII: Explains how the Constitution will be ratified Core Principles Republicanism Federalism Separation of Powers checks and balances The Path to Ratification September 17, 1787: final product signed September 27, 1787: first “Anti-Federalist Paper” published October 27, 1787: first “Federalist Paper” published- written by Hamilton, Madison, & Jay December 7, 1787: Delaware ratifies December 12- January 9, 1788: Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, and Connecticut ratify January-February 1788: Federalists work out a deal with Massachusetts to add a Bill of Rights that will limit government power; Massachusetts ratifies. April 28-May 23, 1788: Maryland and South Carolina ratify June 21, 1788: New Hampshire ratifies March 4, 1789: U.S. government under the Constitution formally begins September 25, 1789: 1 Congress formally proposes the Bill of Rights 1791: Bill of Rights approved by states and takes effect Bill of Rights 1. Freedom of religion, speech, the press, assembly, and to petition the government 2. Right to keep and bear arms 3. You cannot be required to house soldiers 4. No unreasonable search and seizure 5. Right to a grand jury; no double jeopardy, no self- incrimination; no deprivation of ‘life, liberty, or property without due process of law”; no taking private property “for public use without just compensation” 6. Right to a speedy trial by a impartial jury; right to be informed of accusation made against you; right to confront witnesses against you; right to counsel 7. Right to trial by jury in civil cases “where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars” 8. No excessive bail, no excessive fines, no “cruel and unusual punishment” 9. “the enumeration in the constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people” 10. “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved respectively to the states, or to the people” February 3, 2016 Distinguish among political awareness, interest, and efficacy What factors are correlated with political awareness, interest, and efficacy? What are the major agents of political socialization? Political Awareness Political Interest- Extent to which you want to pay attention to politics Which personal characteristics are correlated with political interest? Education Level: people with at least a college degree are most interested Age: people who are above the age of 40 are most interested Gender: men are more interested in politics Income: People in the top 30% income range are most interested Party ID: Dems and Republicans are more interested than independents Internal Political Efficacy “I am smart enough to understand politics” External Political Efficacy “People don’t have a say in what the government does” “Public officials don’t care what people think” Which personal characteristics are correlated with political efficacy? Gender: Internal: Men Race/Ethnicity: External-Black, Hispanic, White, Other Education: Internal-Education+, Efficacy +; External: Education+, efficacy+ Income: Internal- +income, +efficacy; External- top 4%, +efficacy Age- internal: very youngest & very oldest, less efficacy Public Opinion Polling Random Sampling Margin of Error- 95% of the time you can trust your sample
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