public health ch.4 notes
public health ch.4 notes Public health 2000
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by rh389814 on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Public health 2000 at Ohio University taught by Heather Harmon in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Intro to public health in Public Health at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 02/16/16
Extra health notes ch.4 Classification of diseases Categorize disease by which organ is affected (kidney, heart, lung, etc.) Categorize by how it is caused Categorize acute or chronic o Acute: symptoms/disease lasts 3 months or less, complete recovery majority of time, quick to treat o Chronic: symptoms/disease lasts 3 months or longer, recovery is not always guaranteed, at times may last a person’s whole life Categorize communicable or noncommunicable o Communicable: infectious, biological causes, transfer from one person to another (or multiple people) o Noncommunicable: not infectious, not contagious, cannot be spread from a person to others. Communicable diseases Infectivity: “ability of biological agent to enter & grow in host” (p.99) Pathogenicity: the potential and ability for the infecting agent to cause illness and disease in the host Agent: [refers to pathogenic agent] reason or cause of illness/disease Host: the person/other living being that is carrying the virus/infection/illness/disease [look at p.100 for chain of infection chart] Zoonoses: diseases able to spread from animals to humans Anthroponoses: disease and illness spread among humans only Transmission Direct transmission: disease spreads by direct contact (i.e. touching) Indirect: spreading disease including a step inbetween (i.e. someone touches a handrail then another person touches the handrail) o Three types Airborne Vehicleborne (vehicleobjecct) Vectorborne (vectorliving being such as insect) Noncommunicable disease Examples: cancer, heart disease, strokes Not contagious, but can happen in clusters Etiology: cause Many factors play into why someone has a noncommunicable disease (i.e. environment, water) o Chart on p.103 Physical, chemical and geographical factors Living conditions, jobs, life decisions, etc. Coronary heart disease: number 1 leading cause of death in US Cancer: 2 leading cause of death in US Prevention (communicable) Prevention: planning for and stopping the chances of getting or acquiring a disease Intervention: getting involved to stop a disease o Control: limit access for spreading infectious diseases Eradication: getting rid of a disease Levels of prevention: o Primary: trying to stop the onset of disease o Secondary: preventing spread and getting treatment of disease Quarantine Disinfect o Tertiary: rehabilitate person after disease is eradicated Prevention (noncommunicable) Primary: education, watching diet, having a job, house, meeting basic needs, being healthy, etc. Secondary: screenings and tests for diseases Tertiary: suitable emergency response team, hospital, medical services, etc.
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