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Criminology Chapter 5 Trait Theory

by: Kathryn Hardison

Criminology Chapter 5 Trait Theory 3600

Marketplace > University of Missouri - Columbia > Sociology > 3600 > Criminology Chapter 5 Trait Theory
Kathryn Hardison

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About this Document

The notes for chapter 5
Andrew Fisher
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Hardison on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 3600 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Andrew Fisher in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 53 views. For similar materials see Criminology in Sociology at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 02/16/16
Criminology Chapter 5: Trait Theory  Trait Theory o Definition  The view that criminality is a product of abnormal biological or  psychological traits. Some trait about an individual that makes them prone  to criminality o Development of Trait Theory  Sociobiology  the view that human behavior is motivated by inborn biological  urges to survive and preserve the species  Differential Trait Susceptibility  Crime producing interactions involve: o Personal traits o Environmental factors  Vulnerability Model  Direct link between traits and crime  Some people are just vulnerable to crime from birth  Differential Susceptibility Model  Some traits make the individual more susceptible to environmental influences o Biological Trait Theories  Diet, sugar levels, hormonal influences, premenstrual syndrome, lead  exposure, environmental contaminant  Neurophysiological Conditions  ADHD, brain chemistry, arousal theory  Genetics  Antisocial behavior is inherited  The genetic makeup of parents is passed on to children  Genetic abnormality is linked to a variety of antisocial behavior  Evolutionary   Evolution of gender and crime o Women nest, men hunt  Evaluation of the Biological Branch  Explaining geographic, social, and temporal patterns in the crime  rate  Explaining existence of crime across differing individuals o Psychological Traits  Sigmund Freud (1856­1939)  Id (Es)  Ego (Ich)  Super­ego (Uber­Ich)  Principles of Psychoanalytic Criminality  Adult criminality is caused by lack of development in a personality as a child  Behavior is intertwined with unconscious motives  Criminality is a representation of internal conflict  Attachment Theory  The view that forming emotional bond to another person is an  important aspect of mental health throughout the life span o Specificity, duration, emotional engagements, ontogeny,  learning, organization, biological function  Behavioral Perspective  The view that all human behavior is learned through a process of  social reinforcement o Social Learning Theory  Behavior Modeling  The process of learning behavior by observing others o Family interactions, environmental experiences, mass  media  Cognitive Theory  Perspective that focuses on the mental processes by which people  perceive and represent the world around them and solve problems  Cognitive problems o Pedophilia   Distorted thinking patterns  Child as a sexual being, nature of harm,  entitlement, dangerous world, uncontrollable  Social Policy and Trait Theory  Primary prevention programs o Programs such as substance abuse clinics and mental health associations that seek to treat personal problems before  they manifest themselves as crime  Secondary prevention programs o Programs that provide treatment, such as psychological  counseling, after an individual commits a crime o Top limitations for providing inmate treatment  Budgetary constraints, space limitations, limited  number of counselors, lack of volunteers, frequent  movement of inmates, general correction problems,  problem with aftercare provision, and legislative  barriers  Biological Control o Mood­altering drugs o Diet o Psychosurgery 


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