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Chapter 1, 2, and 12 Main ideas

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by: Ciara Morales

Chapter 1, 2, and 12 Main ideas PHLT 101-41

Marketplace > La Salle University > Public Health > PHLT 101-41 > Chapter 1 2 and 12 Main ideas
Ciara Morales
La Salle

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About this Document

4 Components of Health Public Health Achievements BIG GEMS PERIE Incidence vs Prevalence Levels of Prevention Core Public Health Functions
Essentials of Public Health
Dr. Zupenda Davis-Shine
Class Notes
Public Health, health, La Salle University
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"No all-nighter needed with these notes...Thank you!!!"
Mr. Courtney Rohan

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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ciara Morales on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHLT 101-41 at La Salle University taught by Dr. Zupenda Davis-Shine in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Essentials of Public Health in Public Health at La Salle University.


Reviews for Chapter 1, 2, and 12 Main ideas

Star Star Star Star Star

No all-nighter needed with these notes...Thank you!!!

-Mr. Courtney Rohan


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Date Created: 02/16/16
Chapter 1: 4 Components of health - Health Issues - Populations - Society’s shared health concern - Society’s vulnerable groups Public Health Achievements - Tobacco - Nutrition - Food BIG GEMS Behavior- smoking, alcohol, unprotected intercourse, exercising, diet, seatbelts. Infection- Ulcers, gallstones, cancer Genetics- cigarette smoking leads to lung cancer Geography – location influences frequency and presence of disease, malaria, lyme disease, Frostbite, snake bites - tropics Environment- Natural- earthquakes, tsunamis; Altered – asbestos (toxic substance); Built – building, bridge, pollution, indoor air pollution, “infant- proofed” homes, hazards on the highway. Medical Care – Prevention efforts – vaccines Socioeconomic- cultural – education, income, occupational status, cultural and religious factors Chapter 2: P.E.R.I.E – Problem, Etiology, Recommendations, Implementations, Evaluation (Evidence- based approach) Incidence – in a particular time frame (usually in a year) new cases over a population Prevalence – existing cases Levels of prevention – primary, secondary, tertiary Types of Studies (cause and effect) - Population - Case-Control – someone that has a disease (People who have cancer vs people who do not have cancer) - Cohort – class years (being followed, retrospective) following them to see if they will get the disease - Randomized controlled trials – gold standard Chapter 12: Core Public Health Functions (what do they mean?) - Assessment - Policy Development (Recommendations) - Assurance – key components of a health system Public Health Agencies CDC – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention NIH – National Institutes of Health FDA – Food and Drug Administration HRSA – Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) AHRQ – Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality


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