Chapter 1, 2, and 12 Main ideas
Chapter 1, 2, and 12 Main ideas PHLT 101-41
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ciara Morales on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHLT 101-41 at La Salle University taught by Dr. Zupenda Davis-Shine in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Essentials of Public Health in Public Health at La Salle University.
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No all-nighter needed with these notes...Thank you!!!
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Date Created: 02/16/16
Chapter 1: 4 Components of health - Health Issues - Populations - Society’s shared health concern - Society’s vulnerable groups Public Health Achievements - Tobacco - Nutrition - Food BIG GEMS Behavior- smoking, alcohol, unprotected intercourse, exercising, diet, seatbelts. Infection- Ulcers, gallstones, cancer Genetics- cigarette smoking leads to lung cancer Geography – location influences frequency and presence of disease, malaria, lyme disease, Frostbite, snake bites - tropics Environment- Natural- earthquakes, tsunamis; Altered – asbestos (toxic substance); Built – building, bridge, pollution, indoor air pollution, “infant- proofed” homes, hazards on the highway. Medical Care – Prevention efforts – vaccines Socioeconomic- cultural – education, income, occupational status, cultural and religious factors Chapter 2: P.E.R.I.E – Problem, Etiology, Recommendations, Implementations, Evaluation (Evidence- based approach) Incidence – in a particular time frame (usually in a year) new cases over a population Prevalence – existing cases Levels of prevention – primary, secondary, tertiary Types of Studies (cause and effect) - Population - Case-Control – someone that has a disease (People who have cancer vs people who do not have cancer) - Cohort – class years (being followed, retrospective) following them to see if they will get the disease - Randomized controlled trials – gold standard Chapter 12: Core Public Health Functions (what do they mean?) - Assessment - Policy Development (Recommendations) - Assurance – key components of a health system Public Health Agencies CDC – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention NIH – National Institutes of Health FDA – Food and Drug Administration HRSA – Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) AHRQ – Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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