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Introduction to Journalism: Week 2 of Notes

by: Emma Lea

Introduction to Journalism: Week 2 of Notes 53-1011

Marketplace > Columbia College Chicago > Journalism and Mass Communications > 53-1011 > Introduction to Journalism Week 2 of Notes
Emma Lea

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In week two of notes, we cover handling quotes and attributions. This includes the definition of a direct quote and how to use quotes in a news story. Happy learning!
Intro to Journalism
Curtis Lawerence
Class Notes
journalism, introduction to journalism, notes, quotes, attribution




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emma Lea on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 53-1011 at Columbia College Chicago taught by Curtis Lawerence in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Intro to Journalism in Journalism and Mass Communications at Columbia College Chicago.


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Date Created: 02/16/16
Week 2 Jan. 31­Feb. 6 Readings for the week:  1. Chapter 5 of The Missouri Group 2. Pew Center Research:­tank/2015/12/22/15­striking­ findings­from­2015/ and­tank/2014/12/12/for­some­the­ satiric­colbert­report­is­a­trusted­source­of­political­news/ Chapter 5 notes “Handling Quotations and Attributions”:  ­ Direct Quotes: the exact words that a source says or writes­add color and credibility to  your story o Gives the reader an insight to the interviewee ­ Not everything is worth quoting, only what they say that be relevant to the story needs to  be quoted and added o Example: If your story is about police brutality in Chicago, the quote “I really like orange juice in the morning,” is not relevant to your story ­ Always use good judgment when selecting quotes ­ If it will hurt your credibility or your subject, it might not be a good quote ­ Facts do not need to be quoted, paraphrasing is better o Example: if your interviewee says that Illinois became a state in 1818, that is  already known information: meaning it does not need “” ­ You must be accurate and fair when using quotes ­ As a journalist, just because you put it into quotes it will not “relive you of the  responsibility”  ­ ALWAYS check out your subjects quotes for accuracy o Example: Jeb Bush says that Donald Trump likes to steal ice cream from small  children, check with Trump’s rep to confirm or deny ­ Quoting from email, social media, or the internet can be tricky o It is ok as long as you check for ACCURACY ­ Taking someone else’s direct quotes is not the best thing to do o Can ruin credibility and makes the journalist look lazy ­ Checking out sources and your subjects protects you from accusations of mis­quoting and libel  o Always have good good notes and a recorded interview to protect you  Alternating Quotes:  ­ Partial quotes can hurt a story more than help if used too much ­ Can also discredit the the subject o Example: Dogs like to walk a lot, Jane Doe’s dog is “fat” and “doesn’t move” so  she doesn’t walk ­ If your subject has a certain dialogue or accent, it can help you story and give the readers  more of a better picture, recommended: don’t have to correct  ­ Correcting grammar in a quote is not recommended since it could hurt again hurt  credibility but it can depend on the people you work for as well o Same goes for profanity ­ Attribution: involves giving the name of, and sometimes other identifying information  about, the source of a direct or indirect quotation  o The first time you attribute someone, always full identify  o Example: “My favorite shirt is my pink one,” said Marcie John, 18, a student at  NYU ­ Always use said before the proper noun, keeps in generalized  ­ If your direct quote is longer than one sentence, always put the attribution at the end of  the first quote with a comma in the first, period second o Example: “The squirrel bit me,” said Johnny Boy. “I was not expecting that.  ­ Do not place the attribution at the front of the quote ­ Always separate the partial and impartial quotes ­ NEVER make up a source or quote  ­ ALWAYS use past tense  ­ Anonymous sources can be seen as not credible, try to avoid 


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