Intro to Archaeology Notes- Week 1
Intro to Archaeology Notes- Week 1 ANT 112
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by emilyecclestone on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 112 at Wake Forest University taught by Dr. Verity Whalen in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Archaeology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Wake Forest University.
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Date Created: 02/16/16
Week 1 What is Archaeology? Anthropology- • Study of human biology, society & culture in the past, present and future Culture- • Habitats acquired by (people) as members of society o Culture is learned o Can evolve and change over time o Knowledge, beliefs, art, morals, law, customs 4 Subgroups of Anthropology 1. Biological Anthropology a. Study of human biology, how it evolved and how it's related to cultural behavior 2. Linguistic Anthropology a. Study of how languages develop and how they are related to society 3. Sociocultural Anthropology a. Study of contemporary human societies and their cultural behavior 4. Archaeology a. Study of the human past through material remains (scientific) Archaeology and Pseudoscience • What is Pseudoscience? o A collection of beliefs or practices mistakenly regarded as being based on scientific method • Aliens • Atlantis • Pyramids • Problems with these perspectives o Pseudo archaeologists are NOT experts o Remove agency of prehistoric people o Racist implications Archaeology • Definition- scientific study of the human past through materials and material remains…objects, landscapes and what we make of them o Body of knowledge on human social behavior o Set of methods (data collection and analysis) o Body of assumptions about relationship between behavior and material (realm of interpretation) Archaeological Record- • The collective physical material remains (evidence) of the past Week 1 Artifacts- • Portable objects that have been modified completely or partially by human activity • i.e.--> stone, bone, metal tools, pottery, artwork, religious and sacred items Features- • Cultural remains that cannot be recovered from the context in which they are found • Non-portable archaeological evidence • i.e.--> fire hearths, architectural elements, artifact clusters, garbage pits, soil stains Ecofacts- • Objects that are the remains of biological organisms or the results of geological processes in an archaeological location • Plant or animal remains found at an archaeological site Site(s)- • Cluster of artifacts and features together
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