Intro to Archaeology Notes- Week 2
Intro to Archaeology Notes- Week 2 ANT 112
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by emilyecclestone on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 112 at Wake Forest University taught by Dr. Verity Whalen in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Archaeology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Wake Forest University.
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Date Created: 02/16/16
Week 2 Archaeology as Anthropology Culture History Critique • No culture historian thought how different artifacts might _____ • Pots ≠ people • Interpretation ≠ speculation • Need chronology • Lacking of thinking about who created it and why Alfred Kidder • American Southwest--> Mesa Verde • Scientific/interdisciplinary approach o Progressive for his time o Moved past people = pots • Wanted to know what the pots meant to the people o Included other scientists in his work • Geologists, biologists Lewis Binford • Archaeology's "angry young man" • Thought archaeology was a wealth of data • Seeing humanity as a cohesive thing • Published- Archaeology as Anthropology (1962) o Big idea • Archaeology shouldn't be isolated • Link between past and present • Not all objects are created equal--> all have their own purposes/roles New Archaeology (Processual Archaeology) • Study larger issues • Cultural evolution, social organization, ecology • Use scientific methods and techniques o Changed how research is done • Develop own social theory • Goal- o EXPLAIN rather than DESCRIBE • Want to explain WHY things happened Week 2 Deduction • Start at the top with the big question • Hypothesize then collect data • Plan before digging (plan of action) Processual Archaeology Critique • Cultural evolution generalizes • Culture as adaptation= problematic o Cultures and societies changes were cohesive • Changes were actually environmental • Can't predict how societies will act o Search for universal laws = problematic o Explicitly scientific methods/objectivity not really possible • Need to think critically • SHOULD be looking at how and why things change in context Other Ways to Think About the Past • Marxist Archaeology o Application of Marxist Theory to understanding human culture, society • Study of class distinction struggle and power • Interpretive Archaeology o Argues for putting the individual back into history o Argues there are multiple views of the past and exploring these multiple ways • Feminist/Gendered Archaeology o Thinking/acting critically___ o Counter acting what went on during processual archaeology o Actively investigates gender in the society • Evolutionary Archaeology o "how do you learn how you do something?" • How are methods transmitted • Indigenous/Community Archaeology o Very interested in identity o Contemporary living people Week 2 o Goal--> Make archaeology more democratized
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