Intro to Archaeology Notes- Week 3
Intro to Archaeology Notes- Week 3 ANT 112
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by emilyecclestone on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 112 at Wake Forest University taught by Dr. Verity Whalen in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Archaeology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Wake Forest University.
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Date Created: 02/16/16
Week 3 How Do We Do Archaeology? 2 Ways of Thinking About the Archaeological Record 1. "what you find, is what there was" a. Not everything makes it into the archaeological record-->only get a partial perception on life 2. "Absence of evidence is not necessarily evidence of absence Research Design • Start with a question • Build a research plan, present it to an institution (for funding) • Layout expectations o Layout what expected to find • Create a methodology(ies) • Select a sample o Human remains • Carry out research--> designed to address a specific thing • Analyze recovered data • Interpret (the data) Sites • Clusters of artifacts, features and/or ecofacts • How do we find sites? o Some are obvious • i.e. pyramids o Some are less obvious • i.e. architectural remains o Some are found using technologies o Some are completely obscure Archaeological Survey • BEFORE fancy technology--> walking across the landscapes to find sites on the ground o Identify sites o Identify settlements • Space and landscape o Where sites are found is important and meaningful o How people inhabit the landscape tells us about them and helps us understand their culture/way of life o Density and proximity of sites is also key o Reasons for settlement • Resources • Agriculture Week 3 New Methods in Archaeology New Technologies • Google Earth • GIS (global information system) Pros • Accessibility o Can essentially study from above the earth (satellite) o Can reach inaccessible locations o CHEAP o Documentation • Easier to document sites • Layout of sites • Same access as physically visiting the site o Precision • Accuracy • GIS, GPS • Photographing sites • Locations are more precisely documented o Spatial/landscape analysis • Electronic topography accuracy Back Then… • Air photos • Topographical maps • Transects • Theodolite (takes very long) NOW… • Google Earth • Drones o Photos and videos to document sites • Balloons o Similar use as drones, low tech, and easily accessible • GPS • GIS o Can create a digital elevation model Case Studies in New Technology • "The Los Rivers of the South Coast" o Study done by Dr. Whalen o Google Earth surveying • Found an unsurvey land/region § Huge settlements § Ancient artificial agriculture terraces (2,000ft above sea-level) Week 3 • Implications § Strategic use of time • Covered immense area in 2 days § Reshaped idea of Nazca society and settlement patters § Cost efficient • Would have cost a large amount of money, but only cost about $150
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