CL 113 Lecture 8 Feb 12
CL 113 Lecture 8 Feb 12 CL 113LEC
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 02/16/16
Lecture 8: Feb 12 th Fighting for Rome Horatii- three brothers fighting for Rome; triplets Fighting against 3 warriors from Alba Longa named Curiatii The two sets of triplets are cousins to each other 2 of the Horatii are wounded The one remaining Horatii is able to kill all three of the Curiatii o Horatius- one single Roman warrior emerges as a victor Horatia is the sister of the brothers; she is the only one not cheering o She was having a secret affair with one of the Curiatii Charged with Sedition against the State for killing his sister o He is tried and convicted- sentence: death o People revolt because he’s their hero o Sentence is overturned- he will not be executed o He must be cleansed for killing his sister instead o He will make sacrifice for Goddess Juno and walk under beam to be cleansed Mettius Fuffetius Dictator of Alba Longa Because his 3 warriors lost, he has to become an unwilling allie with Rome’s king Tullus calls onto the gods for divine help – 3 agrarian gods o Quirinus, Ops (Goddess of bountiful harvest/goods), and Saturnus (agricultural deity) o Prayer was answered- Roman army was saved Mettius is dismembered during a gruesome execution Jupiter Elicius Lightning Tullus didn’t know how to perform the ritual so now he is dead Ancus Marcius Next Roman king Grandson of Numa Pompilius Rome flourishes under his rule o Becomes wealthy through war making Sacred wooden bridge was built during his reign Pons Sublicius In his reign- a new family arrives in Rome Tarquins o Self identifies with Etruscans o So influential with Roman society o The next king will be chosen from this family o Tarquinius Priscus (Tarquin the Elder) Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus Reign of Tarquinius Priscus Servius Tullius Son of a slave No father involved- got impregnated through a flame Tarquinius Priscus adopts him as his son He already has a biological son- Tarquinius Superbus (Tarquin the proud) o They don’t get along with one another When the king dies, Servius Tullius becomes king Tarquinius Superbus marries the daughter of Servius Tullius –Tullia Goddess- Fortuna; god of Fortune Servius is killed by Superbus and his daughter Tullia Tarquinius Superbus takes the throne Divine Twins Most clearly preserved in India Asvins Associated with the 3 function- realm of Goods production Roman example of the divine twins: Romulus and Remus o Sheppard/hearding/flocks- Remus Romulus- Trifunctional form- Mars is his father, called on Jupiter for help, transformed into Quirinus Warrior king is Romulus’ fundamental role Early in his reign, Romulus went to war against the Sabines 1 /2 ndfunction v. 3 function 1 function Romulus-founded a city with criminals & Numa Pompilius – devoted to the gods/brings order to Roman society o They embody the 2 different aspects of Indo European function- magical aspect (Romulus- transformed into a God)v. legal aspect (Numa -justice) 3 function – Sabines 2nd function- Tullus Hostilius
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