CL 113 Lecture 9 Feb 15
CL 113 Lecture 9 Feb 15 CL 113LEC
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 02/16/16
Lecture 9 Feb 15 Furor- Latin for “Warrior Out of Control” Greeks Arrived in Balkin Peninsula (North of Mediterranean and left of the Black Sea) in 2100 B.C. o It is not clear if they were the first Indo-Europeans to arrive there o There is some evidence that Indo-Europeans Anatolian people in Asia Minor were in Greece before the Greeks arrived Could be Luvians Balkin was occupied when the Greeks arrived o Pre-Indo-European populations The earliest Greek civilization to leave behind written record were the Mycenaean’s o 1600-1100 B.C. o Pre-alphabet written system These were people that Homer envisions in the Iliad and the Odyssey Homer th 8 century B.C. Pre-Homer time- poets performed orally, not written Mycenaean’s 1600-1100 B.C. Writing system- syllabary o Syllabic script o Written on clay One symbol represents one syllable Korwa (girl) o 2 syllables- 2 symbols to write it o The symbol looks similar to an ice cream cone and the other symbol is similar to a gate structure Linear B o Discovered 19 century by scholars o The name they gave to this system o Sounds getting left out is common o The only documents that survived were on clay, but that doesn’t mean that’s the only thing they wrote on Mycenaean Greek Tablets o Dated from 1400-1200 B.C. o A lot of them came from Crete Knossos- most of the tablets came from this city Most of the rest of the tablets came from the Greek mainland- Mycenaean Greek centers o Pylos o Mycenae o Tiryns o Thebes o They were mostly documents that were important to the bureaucratic palaces that kept the government running/efficient o Some recorded a gathering of warriors that were being mobilized due to a threat Gods were mentioned on these tablets o Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Hephaestus, Ares, Athena, Paean (Apollo), Artemis, Hermes, Dionysus Potniai- term for Goddesses o It means ‘female master’ o Used especially for the Goddess Demeter Goddess of Grain Poseidon- God of Sea Hephaestus- Smith God (makes things) Ares- God of War Athena- Goddess of Wisdom Paean- Healer (very likely that it’s Apollo) Artemis- sister of Apollo; Goddess of the Hunt Hermes- Messenger God Dionysus- God of wine o Came as a surprise that he showed up on the tablets Major Greek Deity is missing: Aphrodite goddess of love o She is probably not yet around/part of the Greek Pantheon 1200 B.C. Mediterranean Great wave of destruction o Palaces were burning/falling to the ground Civilizations destruction: o In Greece, Mycenaean civilization comes to an end o In Anatolia, Hittite kingdom comes to an end o In Syria, there is a powerful & wealthy city-state: Ugarit comes to an end International trading center The Egyptians o Powerful; left records saying they were fighting to remain o Fighting for existence o They named the invaders the People of the Sea o They survived, but from this time on, the Egyptian state will never be as powerful as it was before o Permanently weakened condition “Lights go out” In Greece from 1200-800 B.C. o Greece falls into a Dark Age Some Greeks made it out- sailed East of the Mediterranean almost to Syria, to the island Cyprus Cypriot Greeks Keep the light on while the light is out on the mainland They keep writing using Cypriot Syllabary Continuation of Linear B with some alterations By the 9 century B.C. there were Phoenician cities on Cyprus
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