Victimology Chapter 6 Study Notes
Victimology Chapter 6 Study Notes CCJ 3666
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ryan Desjardins on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CCJ 3666 at Florida State University taught by Dr. William Doerner in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 149 views. For similar materials see Victimology in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 02/16/16
Victimology: Chapter 6 pgs: 119132 Study Notes 1. Why do prosecutors use the terms “victimwitness” or “victim/witness” rather than just “victim?” Prosecutors render services to crime victims not out of compassion, but to cultivate/preserve the worth of the victims as witnesses for the state. Focuses on minimizing witness discontent with system treatment in order to retain testimonial value. 2. Explain how victimwitness management projects developed. Revised budget priorities and funding shifts led to the federal monies that underwrote victim witness projects drying up by the beginning of the 1980s. The federal government would provide the initial seed money to get new local victimwitness efforts up and running. Then over the next 3 or 4 years, contributions to these projects would dwindle in specific decrements. The goal behind these prearranged cutbacks was to wean these fledging programs away from a complete reliance upon federal funding sources. It was hoped that the early success of these seedling efforts would attract local fiscal support, enabling the projects to become selfsufficient. 3. What recommendations did the 1982 President’s Task Force on Crime Victims issue about prosecutorial handling of victims and witnesses? It urged prosecutors to communicate more closely with victims, seek greater victim input, protect victims from intimidation and harassment, honor scheduled case appearances, return property promptly to victims, and improve the overall quality of services. 4. Explore the recommendations contained in Table 6–1 of your textbook regarding how prosecutors should handle crime victims. 1. Prosecutors officers should notify victims in a timely manner of the date, time, and location of the following charging of defendant, pretrial hearings, plea negotiations, the trial, all schedule changes, and the sentencing hearing. 2. Prosecutors should establish victimwitness assistance units to ensure that victims of crime receive at least a basic level of service, including information, notification, consultation and participation. 3. Prosecutors should use the full range of measures at their disposal to ensure that victims and witnesses are protected from intimidation and harassment. 4. Prosecutors should advocate for the rights to victims to have their views heard by judges on bail decisions, continuances, plea bargains, dismissals, sentencing and restitution. 5. Prosecutors should make every effort, if the victim has provided a current address or telephone number, to consult with the victim on the terms of any negotiated plea. 6. Prosecutors should establish policies to "fast track" the prosecution of sexual assault, domestic violence, elderly and child abuse, and other particularly sensitive cases to shorten the length of time from arrest to disposition. 7. Prosecutors should adopt vertical prosecution for domestic violence, sexual assault, and child abuse cases. 8. Prosecutor's offices should establish procedures to ensure the prompt return of victim's property, absent the need for it as actual evidence in court. 5. Using Table 6–2 of your textbook, what kinds of services do prosecutors typically provide through victim witness projects? 1. Emergency Services 2. Counseling 3. Advocacy and Support Services 4. Claims Assistance 5. Court Related Services 6. Post Sentencing Services 7. System Wide Services 7. What two assumptions have guided prosecutorialbased victimwitness programs? 1. Prosecutors want to ameliorate witness conditions because they feel that witness cooperation is essential to winning convictions. 2. The popular view is that victims and witnesses refuse to cooperate with system officials because the anticipated costs are too high. 8. Explore the recommendations contained in Table 6–4 of your textbook regarding how law enforcement representatives should handle crime victims. 1. Law enforcement agencies should utilize community partnerships to ensure that victims have access to the emergency services, financial assistance, information and community programs. 2. Protection from intimidation and harm 3. Investigation 4. If an arrest has been made, victims get informed of crucial aspects 5. Info if the case has been submitted to a prosecuting attorney's office 9. Explore the recommendations contained in Table 6–5 of your textbook regarding how the judiciary should handle crime victims. Judges should advise victims of their rights as routinely as they advise defendants of their rights. Judges and all court personnel must receive initial and continuing education on the law concerning victim's rights, the impact on the victims and their families Judges should consider victim and community safety in any prerelease or postrelease service Facilitate the rights of crime victims and their families to be present at any proceedings Allow the victim to present an impact victim statement Facilitate the input of victims into plea agreements and resulting sentences, and they should request that prosecuting attorneys demonstrate that reasonable efforts were made to confer with the victim. Manage their cases and calendars to make victim involvement as feasible as possible Order restitution from offenders to help compensate victims for the harm they have suffered Take a leadership role in conceptualizing and advocating that the justice system encompass not only traditional adjudication and punishment but also holistic problem solving and treatment for victims as well as offenders 10. Explore the recommendations contained in Table 6–6 of your textbook regarding how corrections representatives should handle crime victims. They should designate staff to provide information, assistance, and referrals to victims of crime. Notify victims, of any change in the status of offenders including pardon that would allow them to have access to the community or themselves. Ensuring the protection of victims from inmate intimidation, threats, or physical or other harm. Make sure they receive a fair compensation from offenders who are incarcerated or released on probation or parole. Victims would have input into all decisions affecting the release of adult and juvenile offenders. Increase offender awareness of the consequences of their actions on victim's lives using victim impact panels and conduct courses on the impact they make by committing crime. victims should be notified of any violation of the conditions of an offenders probation or parole and should be allowed to provide input prior to or during the probation or parole violation hearing. when a sex offender is released they should promote public awareness and provide consistent protection for citizens from state to state. 11. What is a “derivative victim?” Indirect crime victims who experience trauma. For example, homicide survivors and witnesses. Families of those who have died as a cause of victimization are also considered derivative victims. It includes all people whose lives have been touched by a tumultuous event 12. What is “vicarious trauma” or “compassion fatigue?” A physical emotional and spiritual fatigue or exhaustion that takes over a person and causes a decline in his or her ability to experience joy or feel or care for others. Compassion fatigue is a one way street, in which individuals are giving out a great deal of energy and compassion to others over a period of time, yet aren't able to get enough back to reassure themselves that the world is a hopeful place. 13. What are “victim advocates,” and what do they do? They service victim clients (counseling, support, advocacy) and provide a guide to justice system process. Try to keep the other victims needs in mind. They need the appropriate background and training before they engage in helping behavior. 14. On what basis do critics assail victimwitness management programs? They say that victimwitness projects are more interested in organizational survival rather than client needs. There is no focus on the first insult just on the second insult. Their aim is to appease and manipulate people. Client eligibility restricted solely to system participants.