ANTH 320 Notes 2/16/16
ANTH 320 Notes 2/16/16 ANTH 320
Popular in Anthropology of Development
Popular in ANTH
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hadley Ashford on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 320 at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill taught by R. Colloredo-Mansfeld in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Anthropology of Development in ANTH at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.
Reviews for ANTH 320 Notes 2/16/16
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/16/16
ANTH 320 Notes 2/16/16 - Multiple choice questions mostly taken from slides o Ex. For Paul Farmer, the “neo-Luddite” trap is: Rejecting considerations of cost-efficiency because of culture Choosing older medicines for poor people in order to improve cost-effectiveness Turning to theology instead of economics for structural violence o Disregard Sachs reading for exam! o Making/studying lists and titles from lectures will help for multiple choice - Jeffrey Sachs: development economist o Creator of “shock therapies” in Bolivia and Eastern Europe Fiscal reforms to protect national currency and credit Reduce government spending o Researched nation-specific patterns of growth Used aid to jump start economics of poorest nations/regions Millennium Villages project o Idea of holistic approach based on Millennium Development Goals start with basic needs (infrastructure, treat diseases, sanitation) end with business development to alleviate poverty trap - Rostow views development as stages - Sachs views development as ladder o Class stratification, communities climb ladder into higher standard of living o Look into which nations aren’t climbing and why o Global comparison of growth rates Different way to analyze each nation depending on specific characteristics - Poverty trap: poverty itself caused economic stagnation because all labor/resources/income goes to mere survival (nothing left to be invested in future) o Economic condition predicts even worse income in future - Causes of poverty traps: o Demographics: large family less resources per person o Intense farming soil degradation: decrease of assets, decreased productivity Land does not produce same amount for next generation o Life devoted to cash-basis (simplified lifestyle) Make same amount on paper, but quality decreases Less nutritional diet, for example - Justification to act against poverty traps: o Empirical evidence: some nations experience growth and others do not (are trapped) o Logical reasoning: no saving or means of growth because income only supports survival and slow decrease in capital Self-generating growth impossible o Moral necessity: poor work hard and aren’t doing anything wrong, but won’t ever be able to escape situation that way - New focus on social justice/equality instead of just growth o 1970’s had similar ideas about development/growth of poor Priority to human needs instead of only growth o Development from state-centered approach to grassroots - Examples of poverty traps o Salad growers in Spain: migrant workers- many from Africa Make less than minimum wage Barely able to afford living in terrible conditions o Congo-Sapeurs: man dresses well, spends excess income on clothing, purchased expensive clothes while migrants in Paris Bought pair of shoes instead of land - Basic needs: o Tendency to assume materialistic hierarchy and equate survival to physical survival o Important to recognize that different communities have different values and priorities - Humanity more important than biological needs o Suggested idea of development: art/faith/decency investment savings basic needs
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'