Sociology, Week 4 Notes
Sociology, Week 4 Notes Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology
Popular in Sociology
Popular in Social Sciences
Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology
verified elite notetaker
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Dennis on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Kim in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Sociology in Social Sciences at Georgia State University.
Reviews for Sociology, Week 4 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/17/16
2/9 and 2/11 Fourth Week of Sociology Society o A group of people who have interactions in a geographical territory and shared culture o 4 Questions/ 4 People 1. People (two or more) 2. Interaction 3. Geographic Territory 4. Culture o Gerhard Lenski: Society and Technology Five types of Societies Hunting and Gathering: 5,000 years ago; equalitarian; cooperative Horticultural and Pastoral: small scale cultivation of crops; domestication of animals; status inequality Agricultural: large scale cultivation of crops; accumulation of possession and wealth; stratified societies Industrial: technological information; mostly urban; more developed; manufacturing Postindustrial: Information; globalization Karl Marx: Society is defined by Social Conflict “History of all existing society is the history of all class conflict” Social Conflict b/w Social Segments o Capitalists: owns the means of production o Proletariat: sells labor for wages Social Institutions o Infrastructures: economic systems o Superstructures: all social institutions( family, religion, political, etc.) Capitalism o Workers: seen as nothing more than labor o People develop technology to gain power = capitalist economy gains control o Creates worker alienation Alienation o Experience of isolation and misery results from powerlessness o Four Types: 1. Act of Working Products of Work Other Workers 2/9 and 2/11 Human Potential Maw Weber: Rationality of Sciety Rationalization: ways people think about the world o Modern: rationality as human thought o Technology: indicator of degree of rationality Capitalism (economy) + Protestantism (religion/ rationality) o Industrial Capitalism via Protestant Reformation o Calvinist idea of predestination Application: o Bureaucracy: large scale organization, specialized tasks, awareness of time Emile Durkheim: Functional Systems Exists beyond its members Relationships between the whole and its parts “Objective reality” Society guides people’s thoughts and actions Fulfills the need for societal regulation Modern day society increases: anomie Concept: “symbol” a mental construct Solidarity: o Mechanical: Social bonds based on commonalty Self sufficiency and anatomy Preindustrial societies o Organic: Social bonds based on specialization and interdependence Interdependence and Cooperation Industrial Societies “The key to change in a society is an expanding division of labor, or specialized economic activity” Review: Four visions: o Lenski: A shared culture (technology) o Marx: Capitalists force an “uneasy peace” o Weber: individual rational thought (large scale organization) o Durkheim: specialized division of labor
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'