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Sociology, Week 4 Notes

by: Lauren Dennis

Sociology, Week 4 Notes Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology

Lauren Dennis

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About this Document

Intro to Sociology Notes detailing the four main visions of society by major sociologists.
Dr. Kim
Class Notes
sociology, Society, concepts, Visions, Culture
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Dennis on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Kim in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Sociology in Social Sciences at Georgia State University.

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Date Created: 02/17/16
2/9 and 2/11 Fourth Week of Sociology  Society o A group of people who have interactions in a geographical territory and shared culture o 4 Questions/ 4 People  1. People (two or more)  2. Interaction  3. Geographic Territory  4. Culture o Gerhard Lenski: Society and Technology  Five types of Societies  Hunting and Gathering: 5,000 years ago; equalitarian; cooperative  Horticultural and Pastoral: small scale cultivation of crops; domestication of animals; status inequality  Agricultural: large scale cultivation of crops; accumulation of possession and wealth; stratified societies  Industrial: technological information; mostly urban; more developed; manufacturing  Postindustrial: Information; globalization  Karl Marx: Society is defined by Social Conflict  “History of all existing society is the history of all class conflict”  Social Conflict b/w Social Segments o Capitalists: owns the means of production o Proletariat: sells labor for wages  Social Institutions o Infrastructures: economic systems o Superstructures: all social institutions( family, religion, political, etc.)  Capitalism o Workers: seen as nothing more than labor o People develop technology to gain power = capitalist economy gains control o Creates worker alienation  Alienation o Experience of isolation and misery results from powerlessness o Four Types:  1. Act of Working  Products of Work  Other Workers 2/9 and 2/11  Human Potential  Maw Weber: Rationality of Sciety  Rationalization: ways people think about the world o Modern: rationality as human thought o Technology: indicator of degree of rationality  Capitalism (economy) + Protestantism (religion/ rationality) o Industrial Capitalism via Protestant Reformation o Calvinist idea of predestination  Application: o Bureaucracy: large scale organization, specialized tasks, awareness of time  Emile Durkheim: Functional Systems  Exists beyond its members  Relationships between the whole and its parts  “Objective reality”  Society guides people’s thoughts and actions  Fulfills the need for societal regulation  Modern day society increases: anomie  Concept: “symbol” a mental construct  Solidarity: o Mechanical:  Social bonds based on commonalty  Self sufficiency and anatomy  Preindustrial societies o Organic:  Social bonds based on specialization and interdependence  Interdependence and Cooperation  Industrial Societies  “The key to change in a society is an expanding division of labor, or specialized economic activity”  Review:  Four visions: o Lenski: A shared culture (technology) o Marx: Capitalists force an “uneasy peace” o Weber: individual rational thought (large scale organization) o Durkheim: specialized division of labor


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