What causes delinquency and Trait theories
What causes delinquency and Trait theories SOCIOL 4511
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by ehoy32 on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCIOL 4511 at Ohio State University taught by Dana Haynie, Emily Shrider in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Juvenile Delinquency in Sociology at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 02/17/16
Trait Theories Focus: Individual’s personal traits explain crime o Criminals have abnormal traits that influence behavior choices o Focus on treatment of abnormal trait o Delinquent actions impulsive or instinctual rather than rational choices Origins o Lombroso’s study of criminals (1835-1909) Criminals have similar facial features Identify criminals by evaluating their jaw line, teeth, nose, and skull shape Criminals have physical anomalies that make them similar to primitive ancestors Certain people born criminal o How do we know? Look at how they look Mug Shot Study (Ugly Criminals 2006) Study of 15,000 high school students Unattractive individuals commit more crime in comparison to those who are average-looking ones, and very attractive individuals commit less crime in comparison to those who are average-looking. Biosocial Theories of Delinquency Modern Biosocial theory: interplay between biology, environment, and antisocial behaviors o Biochemical Factors Prenatal care Exposure to damaging chemicals can cause prenatal damage and antisocial behavior in adolescence o Zika virus – mosquito bites Children born with very small heads and cognitive disabilities o Abnormal body chemistry Diets Q-diet can cause delinquency YouTube video: Hearing: violence epidemic linked to bad diet o Hormonal levels in teens Testosterone levels o Environmental contaminants Lead BPA in plastics Neurological Dysfunction Damage to the brain (minimal brain dysfunction/MBD) may cause delinquency Link between learning disabilities (LD) and delinquency o Susceptibility rationale o School failure rationale Genetic Influences Genetic makeup of parents is passed on to children o Antisocial behavior is inherited Genetic abnormality is linked to a variety of antisocial behaviors o MAO-A gene Individuals who have this gene tend to have higher rates of violence YouTube Video: Doctors want to get rid of violence gene o Biosocial research remains controversial YouTube video: genetics and crime 1 Psychological Theory Psychodynamic (Freud) o Unconscious conflicts, childhood traumas, family abuse, neurosis, psychosis Behavioral o Past experiences, stimuli, rewards and punishments o Personality is learned throughout life during interaction with others Social learning theory: behavior is modeled through observation either directly through contact or indirectly through media Interactions that are rewarded are copied; those punished are rewarded Becher: Becoming a Marijuana User (1953) Does exposure to violent media/video games encourage youths to be aggressive and antisocial? YouTube video: Violent Video Games Harm Children YouTube video: 2014 MPH Brad Bushman Cognitive o Thinking, problem solving, script, moral development
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