Sociological views of delinquency and Social Process theories
Sociological views of delinquency and Social Process theories SOCIOL 4511
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by ehoy32 on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCIOL 4511 at Ohio State University taught by Dana Haynie, Emily Shrider in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Juvenile Delinquency in Sociology at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 02/17/16
Social Process Theories While social structure is important, so is socialization Socialization: process of learning values/norms of the society to which individuals belong o Guide people into behavior through information, approval, rewards, and punishments Social Learning Theories Delinquency is learned through close relationships with others Differential association theory: o Criminal behavior is learned primarily in interpersonal groups o Become delinquent if: definitions learned in groups that are favorable to violating the law exceed definitions favorable to obeying the law Social Learning Theory of Delinquency 1. Deviant values a. Significant others hold values that support deviance 2. Exposure a. Youth are exposed to deviant norms and values while in intimate contact with significant others 3. Learning a. Norms and values are transferred to youth through learning experiences 4. Delinquent Behavior a. Youth learn the act of being delinquent i. YouTube: Gran Torino – How to Man Up Why are you not a delinquent/criminal now? Familial support No motivation Goal of graduating Don’t hang out with the people I knew are deviant Fear of punishment/letting down my family Social Control Theory Premise: people are born bad and need to have controls placed on them in order for them to act good Hirshi – everyone has potential to commit crime o People controlled by bonds/attachments to society that control our behavior o If the bonds are weak, delinquency will occur Social bonds contain 4 main elements: o Attachment (emotion) Children, parents, loved ones o Commitment (stake in conformity) Committed to a particular path in life o Belief (moral code) Religious, values instilled by parents o Involvement (amount of time spent in conventional activities) More free time = higher likelihood of delinquent activities Social Reaction Theories Focuses on how society reacts to individuals Stigmatized people are negatively labeled as a result of participation, or alleged participation, in deviant/criminal behaviors Top 10 “Bad Boy” Names – more likely to end up in jail in 2000 o Alec, Ernest, Garland, Ivan, Kareem, Luke, Malcolm, Preston, Tyrell, Walter Names associated with higher bullied rates when growing up Labeling Theory o Society creates deviance through a system of social control agencies that labels certain individuals as delinquent Initial delinquent act Detection by the justice system Decision to label Creation of new identity Acceptance of label Deviance amplification: stigmatized youth locked into criminal careers YouTube video: Boy, 5 records teacher berating him in class o Self-labeling Person who has been negatively labeled accepts the label as a personal role or identity Self-fulfilling prophecy: as a result of internalized label, youth acts the way society expects them to YouTube: “The Wire” and Labeling Theory (Part 2) Critical Theory Law is defined by those who hold social and political power Those in power use the justice system to maintain their statues while keeping others subservient o The War on Drugs o Mandatory minimums for crack cocaine and cocaine o Grandfather clauses o Corporate crime The upper class use the law as a means to control others and to meet any threats to its status Individual Theories Choice theory Trait theory Socialization Social process theories Social learning theories
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