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Chapter 1 Natural Resource Conservation and Management

by: Rose Notetaker

Chapter 1 Natural Resource Conservation and Management 115

Marketplace > Clarion University of Pennsylvania > Geography > 115 > Chapter 1 Natural Resource Conservation and Management
Rose Notetaker
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Chapter 1 Valentine
Class Notes
Chapter 1, Natural Resource, Conservation and Management




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rose Notetaker on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 115 at Clarion University of Pennsylvania taught by Valentine in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Conservation in Geography at Clarion University of Pennsylvania.


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Date Created: 02/17/16
A Crisis on Planet Earth 3 Major environmental crisis 1 Large rapidly growing human population 2 Excessive resource consumption and depletion 3 Local regional and global pollution Population In crease Main driving force behind depletion of resources and pollution Resource Consumption and Depletion Most noticeable demand comes from industrialized and more developed countries coal oil gas copper etc US ranks 1st per capita consumption Higher standards of living mean higher levels of consumption Exponential Growth When something in a population grows by a xed percentage and the increases is added to the base amount Sustainable Society one that meets their needs without preventing future generations from meeting their needs 6 key ecological principles of sustainability Conservation RecycHng Renewable resource use Restoration Population control and management Adaptability P P PP NE Conservation Principle organisms use what they need and use resources with ef ciency john Muir Born 1838 Scotland immigrated to US Devoted life to conservation of forest land in the west Lobbied hard for establishment of Yosemite and Sequoia National Parks The First Wa ve 19011909 Theodore Roosevelt convened the White House Conference on Natural Resources a highwater mark for the cause of conservation Scientists concerned with depletion of timber in the great lakes states resources were being grossly mismanaged A 50 member National Conservation Commission was formed Also indirectly resulted in the formation of 41 state conservation departments Second Wave 19331941 Franklin D Roosevelt established the National Resource Board in 1934 Roosevelt39s Programs 1 Prairie State Forestry Project 1934 shelter belts of trees and shrubs to reduce wind erosion on farmland 2 Civilian Conservation Corps CCC 1933 until 1949 organized 2652 camps of 200 men each to ght forest res control pests and plant trees constructed bridges improved roads and built hiking trails participated in oodcontrol projects 3 Soil Conservation Service SCS 1935 Roosevelt conducted demos to show farmers the techniques and importance of erosion control after dust bowl storms known today as Natural Resources Conservation Service 4 Tennessee Valley Authority TVA 1933 integrate the use of resources of an entire river basin 5 North American Wildlife and Resources Conference Roosevelt in 1936 Set out to develop an inventory of nation39s wildlife resources and a statement on wildlife and other conservation problems and policy Conference meets annually to this day The Third Wave 19601980 197080 Decade of the environment occurred during Nixon administration EPA formed in early 705 became more proactive in seeking to prevent pollution The Fourth Wave 1980Present Pollution control devices installed in power plants to remove sulfur dioxide acid rain World Commission on Environmental and Development released a book called Our Common Future stirred intense global interest in alternatives to the environmentally unsustainable development taking place worldwide largely responsible for the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development Earth Summit resulted in the outcome of a 800 page document called Agenda 21 that outlined 4000 action items for achieving sustainable development Environmental Justice refer to the inequities suffered by the disadvantaged and the need to ensure that these people do not continue falling victim to such injustices Renewable Resources soils rangelands forests sh wildlife air and water Solar energy wind energy and hydropower Nonrenewabe Resources Fossil fuels nonmetallic minerals metallic minerals All are exhaustible but metals can be recycled 4 Resource management Ideologies 1 Exploitation Based on a belief that natural resources should be used as intensively as possible to provide the greatest pro t 2 Preservation Resource management suggests that resources should be preserved set aside and protected 3 Utilitarian Approach Resource management began late 18005 and early 19005 Key principle is sustained yield concept suggests that renewable resources should be managed so that they will never be exhausted 4 Ecological or sustainable approach Relies in large part on an understanding of ecology modern conservation strategies base their decisions on sound ecological facts and principles Polices promoted to improve management are often designed to protect more than harvestable ecosystems Carrying Capacity ability of an ecosystem to support a population of a given species living in a given manner inde nitely Core Reserve region left exclusively to plants and animals Buffer Zonesareas of minimal human intrusion and impact Adaptive Management use of information to monitor conditions and make policy changes Collaborative conservation resource management decisions made in a collaborative setting with a variety of stakeholders Nemesis Effect environmental outcomes that result from the interaction of several changes GIS computer system consisting of hardwaresoftware that is used to assemble and store information data identi ed according to a location Risk Assessment technique that allows one to analyze existing or potential hazards for the level of danger they pose Anthropogenic created by humans Natural Perceived Harm damage people think will occur Perceived Bene t how much bene t people think they get for something Costbene t analysis one analyzes the many costs and bene ts and weighs one group against the other


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