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Psych 1000 Chapter 5 class notes. "Gender and Sexuality"

by: Elyssa Tuininga

Psych 1000 Chapter 5 class notes. "Gender and Sexuality" Psych 1000

Marketplace > East Carolina University > Psychlogy > Psych 1000 > Psych 1000 Chapter 5 class notes Gender and Sexuality
Elyssa Tuininga

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These notes cover the lectures that we had the week of February 8th, on Gender and Sexuality.
Introduction to Psychology
Kelly Rudolph
Class Notes
Psychology 1000
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elyssa Tuininga on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 1000 at East Carolina University taught by Kelly Rudolph in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at East Carolina University.


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Date Created: 02/17/16
Chapter 5 Class notes: Gender and Human Sexuality Alfred Kinsey: one of the 1 people to study human sexuality. He received a doctorate in Biology from Harvard University. In 1943 he published a book called “Sexual Behavior of the Human Male”, and in 1947 he founded the Kinsey Institute for Sex Research. He believed that face to face interviews with people were more accurate than general surveys. Masters and Johnson: William Masters was an OBGYN who wanted to know what happens to the human body during the act of sex. Virginia Johnson was his collaborator, and together they observed sex and different sexual disorders. Certain Sex Chromosome Disorders: Turner Syndrome: Those with turner syndrome are females who are missing all or part of their X chromosome. They are usually short in stature, infertile, and some have a slight mental retardation. Triple X: This disorder is found in females with an extra X chromosome. They tend to develop later in life, and grow taller than other females. Klinefelter syndrome: This disorder is found in males, and they have an extra X chromosome. They usually have low testosterone, are often infertile, and tend to have more typically female characteristics. They have an increased risk of learning disabilities. Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome: These people’s bodies are unresponsive to androgen. They are genetically male, but they develop women’s sex characteristics. Puberty: Puberty is when a person is maturing sexually. During puberty, the body will change, and those going through puberty often experience dramatic mood changes as well. Primary Sex Characteristics: The reproductive organs, male or female. Secondary Sex Characteristics: Sexual aspects other than the reproductive organs: body hair, changing voice, etc. Intersex people: These are people who develop with a combination of male and female characteristics, despite being genetically male or female. Gender Roles: The behaviors expected or associated with people as related to their being a man or woman. Gender Identity: One’s sense of whether they are male or female, including a sense of what it means to be that gender. Social Learning theory: This is the theory that we learned gender role behaviors by imitation and rewards and punishments, and we are basically blank slates at birth. Gender Schemas: These the cognitive frameworks for concepts of male and females. Gender typing: The instinct that drives boys and girls to like masculine and feminine things. Hormones: Estrogen is the female sex hormone, and testosterone is the male sex hormone. During ovulation, women show an increase in both sex hormones and their sexual desire rises. During menopause, women’s hormone levels decrease. Sexual response Cycle: A sexual cycle that was defined by Masters and Johnson. The stages of the cycle are: Excitement, Plateau, Orgasm, and Resolution. Sexual Dysfunctions happen when there is something faulty with one of those steps in a cycle. These dysfunctions can usually be improved with therapy or medication. The effects of external stimuli is more common in men than in women as evidence by the massive porn industry. This can interfere with real life, and cause a distortion of what a man thinks a women should look like or behave like. People can be aroused with no physical stimulation, proving that sex is at least partially mental and psychological, and that the brain is in fact a sex organ. Adolescent sexual activity is dangerous. There is a high risk of emotional damage, and adolescents tend to get pregnant and contact STI’s because of their inexperience, youth and naivety. Teens in the U.S. sadly have a higher rate of pregnancy and abortion than in Europe. This is probably due to inadequate communication between partners, guilt about sex, the involvement of alcohol, and media portrayal. Factors in Sexual Restraint: abstinence education, religious beliefs, high intelligence and test scores, the presence of a father in the home, and actively helping others have all shown to effect a person’s sexual restraint. Sexual Orientation: One’s sexual preferences of attraction. Sexual Identity: How someone identifies, whether heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, etc. A person’s sexual orientation can be affection by their parent’s behaviors, genetic differences, fraternal birth order, and differences in the brain. In some cases, prenatal exposure to different hormones can have an effect. Men tend to seek women with fuller figures, from a subconscious desire to find a mate who is healthy and can bear children. Women tend to seek men to are loyal, with power and resources at his disposal, due to the desire to have a steady partner to help raise children.


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