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HDFS 1070 Week 5 Notes (Exam 2)

by: Victoria Tabacchini

HDFS 1070 Week 5 Notes (Exam 2) HDFS 1070

Marketplace > University of Connecticut > Human Development > HDFS 1070 > HDFS 1070 Week 5 Notes Exam 2
Victoria Tabacchini
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These notes cover what is going to be on our second exam.
Individual and Family Development
Ronald Sabatelli
Class Notes
HDFS, 1070, UCONN, ronald, sabatelli
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Tabacchini on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 1070 at University of Connecticut taught by Ronald Sabatelli in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 55 views. For similar materials see Individual and Family Development in Human Development at University of Connecticut.

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Date Created: 02/17/16
Ch 11: The Transition to Parenthood 2/17/16 Lecture Notes  During the transition to parenthood: Parenthood <­­> Parenting  (these influence one another) ­How is parenthood structured and experienced? ­How is parenting structured and experienced? ­Parenting is how you execute the tasks of being a parent  Everyone experiences and structures parenthood in their own unique way   Identities are transformed o Work out a whole range of identity issues that have implications on how your  child develops and experiences their environment   New roles are assumed  o Mother or father role   Family system rules require adjustment o The change in roles elicit a change in the family system  Family System Transitions (Transitions, Stress, Adaptability, and Coping)  Key Concepts – Transitions = System Stress o Family system stress: when you say you are personally stressed, you are feeling  anxious and distressed in ways that make you feel uncomfortable, which is a bad  thing. When you are stressed as a family, it is neither good nor bad.  Family  system stress is pressure placed on the system that alters how it executes its tasks.  There is some event that is occurring inside or outside the family that requires the  family to alter its strategies, rules, and customs. There are two types of family  system stress:  Horizontal stressors  Events that happen over time—these include normative and non­ normative events. Over the course of a family system’s history, the family system experiences normative and non­normative events.  Pileup: at any moment in time you have a certain amount of  horizontal stressors that are piled up on top of you at the same  time. Ex. Birth of a child and catastrophic event at the same point  in time  o Normative: birth, divorce o Non­normative: unexpected events and take by surprise,  always defy our expectations... ex. Hurricane   Vertical Stressors  Stressors that result in families at any point in time from the  historical legacy of that family which comes from the way the  family member has gotten along over time. It is the “emotional  baggage” that exists in families. Ex. When pregnant and becoming  a mom, your family has a whole history that interacts with what  your history is as you make transition into parenthood. Becoming a mother is different for someone who has always had parents get  along in family history than someone who didn’t have that pattern  in their family history. A pregnant woman who has a good  relationship with her own mother will have an entirely different  experience than a pregnant woman cut off from her mom would.  o Coping Resources  Families and individuals have different resources to deal with events.  Resources = refer to knowledge, social support, quality of job environment (if give you time off or not, offer daycare)  Tools that enable us to deal with different stressful events Ex. Coping  resource could be your own parents   Reflected in external boundaries as to whether you can look  outside the family for support or only inside  o Coping efficacy  Adaptability of the system (the measures and countermeasures that the  family takes to adjust to the demands of both horizontal and vertical  stressors)  Adaptations could be good or bad in a sense that they either decrease or  increase the stress  Ex. Parent takes more hours at work to make more money for their new  child  creates stress for the mother, so it is considered a bad adaptation  How system stress and adaptation apply to the transition to parenthood   Pregnancy and parenthood are example of horizontal stressors, which interact with  vertical stressors   How these horizontal stressors are managed comes from coping resources   Becoming a parent has a significant impact on identity tasks, external boundaries, internal boundaries, maintenance tasks, and how the emotional climate is managed   Identity Tasks:  o Shifting family themes  Once you are pregnant, there needs to be shifts in the family theme to a  more family­focused theme (how the family uses their time, money, and  resources). It is expected that all of these will be devoted to the baby. It  would be worrisome if a mother didn’t make a space in the home for the  baby close to their due date.  o Taking on the identity of “mom” and “dad”  Embrace the transition into becoming a mother or father   These transformations are easier if one looks forward to these transitions  and has positive adaptations   A parent who didn’t want the child in the first place would be more likely  not to embrace the new identity than one that planned their pregnancy   External Boundaries: stresses the boundaries you have with your parents and extended  family if pregnant  these can amplify conflict  o External boundaries change the environment of the child Ex. If grandparents are  not connected, then the child doesn’t have grandparents in his or her life o Where are the sources of support coming from?  Adjusting connections to family members  o Reworking ties with friends  Socialize differently with friends when pregnant in hope that they are  supportive of you or find yourself gravitate towards friends who have  babies and away from the ones who don’t   For men: when him and his partner are pregnant, it is expected that they  start preparing themselves to become a dad­­ don’t go out anymore  because preparing to not go out all the time when the baby is born. This is  hard for men because there are a set of pressures from society that believe  “real” men don’t care about their wives and children: “whipped.” This is a  negative identity, so men still go out even though they should be home.  There is a tendency for women to seek out support in a network, while for  men it’s different.  o Seeking out information and support  Want to be surrounded by a network of friends and family that are  supporting of you and your pregnancy   Internal boundaries o Couples needing to rework patterns of separateness and connectedness  o Have times when they are together and apart   When you have babies and children, there is a pressure to be together  more and to do everything together, which can cause tension. Ex.  Shopping for a crib, set up the crib   Maintenance tasks o The “traditionalizing effect” of babies on couples!  Tends to result in more traditional housework and housekeeping patterns  that were not there before the child was born. Ex. Mothers do more  “mom” tasks while fathers are out of the house more   Have a belief that if the mother is home with the children, she has more  time to do housework, which is not true because so preoccupied with the  baby.   Causes long­term conflicts about housework  symbolic of caring for one another. If one feels that their husband or wife isn’t helping enough, they  get upset because they feel like they don’t care.  Maintaining the Emotional Climate (ordinary difficulties become problems when you  mismanage or ignore them) o Anxiety, stress, emotional support and empathic responsiveness  De­centering: requires an commitment to be supportive to another person  in an act of selflessness (parents need to take turns de­centering)  When both moms and dads are stressed they tend to be less responsive to  one another and become more needy  end up believing there is no  support in their relationship  o The relationship between expectations and complaints  Violation of expectations and complaints   When women have babies, they expect their partner to be more  supportive and help out more around the house—if their partner  doesn’t deliver, their expectations are violated, which then leads to  complaints and dissatisfaction  o Reworking the sexual relationship  Symbolic activity: symbolizes a special connection and bond you have  created with someone   Across pregnancy and the transition to parenthood, there are challenges  that are presented in the sexual relationship  Many couples believe they need to change their sexual relationship because they are pregnant, which is not true   When the baby is born, there is fatigue, which changes sex for  couples  o New patterns of recreation and companionship  Many men think that they should be able to maintain what they did for  recreation prior to their baby and that their partner should be content  watching them, which is not entirely true.  Sabatelli, Ronald. “Transition to Parenthood.” HDFS 1070. University of Connecticut,  Storrs. 17 February 2016. Lecture.


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