HIST289V Notes - February 17th
HIST289V Notes - February 17th HIST289V
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by HIST289V on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST289V at University of Maryland - College Park taught by Dr. Howard Smead in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 87 views. For similar materials see What Does it Mean to be an American? in History at University of Maryland - College Park.
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Date Created: 02/17/16
Lecture Notes - 2/17/16 Rush’s “scientific” ideas about… The Indians Impressed that Indian culture had no insanity Still, Indians were considered unclean savages Too lazy, incompetent to work As a result, he did not foresee a future for them Slavery Condemned it, identified as an original Abolitionist Believed Blacks were not inferior to whites in their intellectual ability Poor Science (pseudo-science) Thought that black skin color derived from leprosy Unintentionally fueled white prejudices as a result Portrayed blacks as “patients” Solution for converting slaves into “republican machines” Place all diseased into a hospital Thomas Jefferson on race and slavery Conceded Negroes were equal to whites in a moral sense, however had doubt about the intellectual abilities of blacks Thought that much of blacks’ ability was centralized in the body, as opposed to the mind Subscribed to the idea that blacks had a “Sambo” personality Childish or savage He owned slaves of his own and had no problem with severely punishing slaves or selling them to the South He stated that slavery corrupted the morals of slaveholding society, but he was not one to attempt to end it at all Opposed amalgamation Played the role of a hypocrite in basically all of his stances on slavery It is widely assumed that Jefferson had an affair with Sally Hemmings, a slave on his Monticello plantation In recap, a closed slave system and colonization of freed slaves was an imperfect and at best partial solution to a seemingly insoluble dilemma Jefferson on Native Americans Realized that the Revolution was a disaster for the Native Americans Tribes began to ally with the British because they provided at least a slim chance of protecting their land Antagonized the Americans’ view of Indians even more so Allowed Indians to be removed or assimilated, but would not allow them to stand in the way of American expansion Believed that they could be civilized and assimilated into their culture In recap, he was fine with Indians being either assimilated or exterminated All in all, Jefferson certainly had a vision of America and the white race was at the center of it Alexander Hamilton Lived on Nevis and St. Croix, where slaves were 50% of the population Married into a slave owning family Eventually associated with abolitionist John Jay, who could have influenced his ideas Believed that slavery relaxes/debases society Also believed that slavery was detrimental to the slave owning population due to its association with power and lust Became a member of Society for the Promotion of the Manumission of Slaves in New York Society supported banning slavery in New York, but the movement turned out to be unsuccessful Crevecoeur’s Analysis of America Believed Americans as unlike any other people Americans transformed the European man European man was liberated when he arrived in the open, new land of America Called the nation the “great American asylum” Noted that America was a land of “rough equality,” enjoyed the idea of low taxes, equal opportunity, and the absence of powerful royalty Enjoyed the opportunity to change oneself that America provided Crevecoeur’s New American Free, independent, resourceful “Animated by the spirit of industry” Owns property Celebrates absence of extreme wealth and poverty America present all an equal chance at good fortune A communitarian, not ruggedly individualistic However, his original perception was based off of Nantucket His “American hell” was based off of Charleston, SC That society was characterized by: Greed, inequality, self-indulgence Slavery completely influenced the morals and characteristics of the society Also concluded that the American Frontier invited selfishness that damaged society A haven for drunkenness, indolence, and indulgence in the unlawful land of the woods Crevecoeur’s Stance on the Revolution Was turned off by America’s initiation of the Revolution Viewed Patriots as too pushy and that they provoked unnecessary conflict Believed that Americans prospered under the British rule The Direction of Early America First form of government that the US establishes was very weak Operated under the Articles of Confederation Weak National Government Influenced by the idea of local government, fear for tyranny Flirted with bankruptcy Shays Rebellion Issue over representation and taxation Based on the idea that the national government should provide more protection for its people Militia man has to use money out of his own pocket to put down the rebellion Illustrated how broken the government form was Will be decided by two main figures: Hamilton and Jefferson
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