Popular in Topics: Brain, Behavior and Cognition: Psychology of Creativity
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Briana Hughes on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 3100 002 at Temple University taught by Dr. Weisberg in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Topics: Brain, Behavior and Cognition: Psychology of Creativity in Psychlogy at Temple University.
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Date Created: 02/17/16
Chapter 1 Two Case Studies in Creativity Creativity: Intentional production of novelty for oneself vs. for society Creative Thinking: mental processes that bring about creative products (innovations) Creative process: the psychological processes involved in bringing about innovations By understanding the creative process; we can increase innovations, making life better o i.e. business, technology, art, music, medicine, environmental issues, architectures, politics Beliefs about creativity 2 difficulties in discussing research on creativity 1. Too mystical and/or subjective to study a. Can’t even define it 2. Even if can define and study, no point a. What would be gain from it? b. How can we train it? i. Critical differences in personality structure between creative and ordinary individuals 1. Characteristics may be present in all of us, some just better at using them or possess them in a higher degree ii. Almost supernatural gifts in special people 1. “just came to me” 2. Inspiration (breath in from muse) 3. Genius and Madness i.e. Einstein or Van Gogh 4. Unconscious thinking i.e. sleep or trance (Coleridge and Kuba Khan) a. Incomplete poem, came to him complete, was interrupted while trying to transcribe b. Paul McCartney woke up with “Yesterday” tune in head iii. Evidence for innate talent 1. Savantism: innate talent isolated from other aspects of development a. IQ not very high in other domains b. Traits of Autism c. Arithmetic calculation, calendar calculators, artistic savants d. Extreme cases: any world class performer i. Innate talent when exposed to stimuli to nourish it i.e. prodigies (Mozart) Weisberg believes in minority view in psychology o Creative though processes are same as ordinary thought processes Someone simply creates innovations using ordinary thinking Two Case Studies in Creativity Artists create their works o Without Picasso there would be no Guernica o Subjective process Scientists discover new things o DNA would have still existed without Watson and Crick o Objective process Creativity in Science: Discovery of the Double Helix 1953 double-helix model of structure of DNA If so many scientists were trying to discover the same thing, what set them apart and allowed them to succeed? Historical Background o Scientists believed DNA had simple tetra nucleotide structure o Others studied structure of proteins in cell nucleus to understand genetic material o Hershey and Chase realize DNA carried genetic material o Chagraff’s rules significant in construction of double helix o Individuals who make creative discoveries have an ability/intuition; skill – Problem solving Watson Gets to Cambridge o Watson and Crick both read Schroedinger’s book suggesting genetic material constructed of small units that repeat infinitely which communicate info from gene to mechanisms in the cell o X-ray analysis of DNA meant you could make crystal of it i.e. it has structure that is recreatable Watson and Crick’s Collaboration o Decided to make model; decided shape would be helix Inspired by Pauling who made helical structure of protein alpha- keratin; two molecules are quite similar Crick had already been trained in theoretical work concerning mathematics of interpretation of helical X-ray diffraction patterns Info from other scientists, criticism etc. helped them along their process Took them from 1951-1953 Continuity: innovations build upon the work of the past o They had a good start/things to work with to point them in the right direction; others starting from scratch/no inspiration On the Origins of New Ideas Through the adoption and extension of already-existing ideas; drawing conclusions; trial and error; deductive logical reasoning Although innovation may be extraordinary, process may not be o Some have different findings or different interpretations of findings, some possess different skills and capabilities, some have more or less access to certain information
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