Intro to Listening Week 4 Notes
Intro to Listening Week 4 Notes MUS 121
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alannah Culbert on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 121 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Crofut in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Intro to Listening in Music at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/17/16
Chapter 4 Medieval Music (476-1450) Monday, February 1, 2016 1:35 PM Sacred Music Music in the service of God Passed down through oral traditions until the 7th or 8th century, when a notated system was created by the catholic church The earliest sacred music was in the form of Gregorian Chant Gregorian Chant Chant has qualities of both speaking and singing, follows the inflection of sacred text Monophonic texture only between the 5th-9th century Rhythmically without meter or tempo Melodically used Church Modes, a system more ambiguous than our modern major/minor scales. Ex. Viderunt Omnes- Communio Organum The polyphonic sacred works between 1170-1310. Also known as the Ars antiqua (old art) period Introduced after centuries of the church gradually allowing polyphonic settings at religious feats and other celebrations. Coordinating voiced compelled the creation of mensural notation (measured rhythm) Sacred organum is credited to Leonin and Perotin of the Notre Dame school in paris o Ex Perotin Viderunt Omnes The Mass A religious service in the Catholic Church, commemorating and reenacting the Last Supper of Jesus Christ, Predecessor to Opera Divided into two parts, the Ordinary and the Proper The Ordinary uses the same scriptural text the entire year, and is most used by composers because it is easiest for the congregation the memorize. The proper delivers spoken text from the bible, and involves various readings that relate to the specific day a mass is presented Many major composers have written a Mass, including Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Britten, Faure Motet A French polyphonic setting characterized by greater independence and hectic quality between voices. Often different languages would be sung simultaneously. The bass voice in Latin ro represent the sacred, the upper voices in modern vernacular to represent the secular (Polylingual) Transitionary form between the sacred influence of the Medieval period and the humanitatian ideals of the oncoming Renaissance (1450-1600)
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