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Intro to Listening Week 4 Notes

by: Alannah Culbert

Intro to Listening Week 4 Notes MUS 121

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > Music > MUS 121 > Intro to Listening Week 4 Notes
Alannah Culbert
GPA 3.5

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About this Document

Intro to Listening week 4 Medieval Music
Intro to Listening
Dr. Crofut
Class Notes
Benjamin Crofut, Intro to Listening notes, week 4, university of alabama, Music notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alannah Culbert on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 121 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Crofut in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Intro to Listening in Music at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 02/17/16
Chapter 4 Medieval Music (476-1450) Monday, February 1, 2016 1:35 PM Sacred Music  Music in the service of God  Passed down through oral traditions until the 7th or 8th century, when a notated system was created by the catholic church  The earliest sacred music was in the form of Gregorian Chant Gregorian Chant  Chant has qualities of both speaking and singing, follows the inflection of sacred text  Monophonic texture only between the 5th-9th century  Rhythmically without meter or tempo  Melodically used Church Modes, a system more ambiguous than our modern major/minor scales.  Ex. Viderunt Omnes- Communio Organum  The polyphonic sacred works between 1170-1310. Also known as the Ars antiqua (old art) period  Introduced after centuries of the church gradually allowing polyphonic settings at religious feats and other celebrations.  Coordinating voiced compelled the creation of mensural notation (measured rhythm)  Sacred organum is credited to Leonin and Perotin of the Notre Dame school in paris o Ex Perotin Viderunt Omnes The Mass  A religious service in the Catholic Church, commemorating and reenacting the Last Supper of Jesus Christ, Predecessor to Opera  Divided into two parts, the Ordinary and the Proper  The Ordinary uses the same scriptural text the entire year, and is most used by composers because it is easiest for the congregation the memorize.  The proper delivers spoken text from the bible, and involves various readings that relate to the specific day a mass is presented  Many major composers have written a Mass, including Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Britten, Faure Motet  A French polyphonic setting characterized by greater independence and hectic quality between voices.  Often different languages would be sung simultaneously. The bass voice in Latin ro represent the sacred, the upper voices in modern vernacular to represent the secular (Polylingual)  Transitionary form between the sacred influence of the Medieval period and the humanitatian ideals of the oncoming Renaissance (1450-1600)


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