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SOC 361 Chapter 3

by: Akuadasuo Notetaker

SOC 361 Chapter 3 SOC 361

Akuadasuo Notetaker

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About this Document

These notes cover chapter 3.
Social Issues in the Rural Americas
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Akuadasuo Notetaker on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 361 at New Mexico State University taught by in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Social Issues in the Rural Americas in Sociology at New Mexico State University.


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Date Created: 02/17/16
 How many people ever lived?  o Current contribution to history's total population represents a relatively  small but steadily growing fraction of all people who have ever lived  o Nathan Keyfrits summizes around 63 billion people have ever lived on the earth   Redistribution of the World's population through migration  o Migration flows from rapidly growing areas to less rapidly growing ones   European expansion   14  to 20  centuries   Europe to North and South America and  Oceania   Africa to Latin AMeric, Carribean, and  North America   South to North Migration   20  to 21  centuries   Latin America and Asia to U.S.   Asia to Canada   Africa, Asia, and Latin America to  Europe   High growth to low growth  o Urban revolution   In early decades as pop became dense people move to less pop  area   In 1800 less than 1% of world's pop lived in cities of 100,000  or more   More than 1/3 of all humans now live in cities of that size   Urban pop grew in some countries even without  industrialization, as places sprang up where goods and services  were exchanged   Industrialization began to bring people to larger  urban areas   United States  o Highest rate of pop growth  o Lowest life expectancies among rich nations  o Fertility slightly above replacement   Canada  o Demographics more like Europe than the US  o Below replacement fertility  o Higher life expectancy  o High level of immigration   Mexico  o Fertility rates have dropped since 1970s   After government promotion for small families  o Life expectancy nearly as high as U.S.  o Net outmigration to U.S.  o High rates of mortality in the south and less developed areas   Rest of Central America  o Indigenous  o Higher than average fertility  o Out migration is a huge issue  o Violence associated with drug trade   Costa Rica is the exception   Brazil  o Half population of South America  o Decline in fertility since 1960s   Due to promotion of contraceptives by government  o Life expectancy above world average  o Below replacement level   Rest of South America  o Divided between European origin pop. With European style  demographics  o Higher fertility and mortality   Europe  o On the verge of depopulation   Mainly because of Russia and Germany   Due to low levels of fertility   Russia low life expectancy  o Eastern and southern Europe   Levels of fertility below replacement   High life expectancy   Lack of interest in bringing in immigrants  o Northern and western Europe   Highest levels of fertility in Europe   Due to support of working mothers   Immigrants are not unwelcome   But is a political issue   Northern Africa and Western Asia  o Predominantly Muslim  o Rapid rates of pop. Growth   Puts pressure across the bored  o Fertility going down   Still above death rate   Pop. Very young  o Turkey and Iran   Taken on European style demographics   Low fertility high life expectancy   Turkey   Low female literacy high fertility   Sub­Saharan Africa  o Most rapidly growing region in the world  o Nigeria, Ethiopia, and Congo all large and growing   Birth rates high   Death rates among highest in world   Issues with HIV and Ebola   Pop. Generally young   South and Southeast Asia  o Home of 1/3 of world pop.  o India projected to pass China  o Indonesia most pop. Muslim country   East Asia  o Dominated by China 1.4 billion people  o Immigration is not popular  o Aging pop.  o Below replacement fertility


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