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Soc 156-Anglo/Mexicans

by: Freddie816

Soc 156-Anglo/Mexicans SOC 156

GPA 3.3

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About this Document

The conquest of Southwest
- Race and Ethnicity in American Life
Class Notes
sociology, Soc 156, soc of race and ethnicity
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Freddie816 on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 156 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Bloom in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see - Race and Ethnicity in American Life in Sociology at University of California - Los Angeles.


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Date Created: 02/17/16
Feb 17    To what extent are racial struggles motivated by efforts to maintain White Supremacy?  What Ideas motivate racial projects?  How are boundaries formed?  What are the key differences BW the Mexican/Anglo divide and the black/white divide?  ● genocide  ○ keep in mind that genocide was basically influenced through the idea of racial  inferiority during the era of conquest. This is argued by Wimmer to have influence the  enslavement of blacks through slavery and later, through the establishment of  sharecropping→ debt peonage, enforced by Jim Crow  ● Annexation  ○ During the 1800s, the southwest (Texas) was predominantly dominated by Indians,  who resist conquest by the Spanish and then the Mexicans  ○ In fact, most of the US today, was predominantly dominated by Indians and  “minorities”  ■ Most of LA for example, was dominated by Mexicans  ● However, throughland ownership and labor​, land is stolen from both Mexicans and  Indians (legally)  ○ Even through hiring lawyers  ○ Ex­  ■ In San Diego 1860, 31% of Mexicans owned land, 20 yrs later, land  ownership drops significantly to 1.8%  ■ In Texas 1850, more than 30% of Mexicans owned land, dropped to 15% in  1900’s  ■ In contrast, only 2% of Anglos own land which increases to 30% in 1900  ● Genderization of conquest  ○ In Santa Fe New Mexico 13% of Anglos marry woman  influential woman  ■ With loss of land, Mexicans lose essential resources such as food and are  forced to work for Anglos  ● 1850 Texas­⅓ of Mexicans are labor workers→ doubles in 1900  ● But labor, becomes simply a form osharecropping ​in which  Mexicans are given a share of land in return for labor→ borrow to  maintain it = permanent debt  ■ Many mexican women also became domestic workers   ■ Unionization of mining is resisted through hiring workers from different ethnic  backgrounds (all over the world)   ■ Permanent citizenship is promised to Mexicans although, a law agrees that  suffrage will only go to white males  ■ Ambiguity of the racial category that Mexicans belong to   ● First, Mexicans are treated as whites→ resolved by CA and Arizona  by taking voting rights, citizenship rights and other political privileges  away for those with Indian blood   ○ Possible answers to main questions  Feb 17    ■ racial boundaries  ● Before the war there existednational boundary that separates  Mexico from the US (­1845)  ● Cultural differences are influential   ○ Speak different languages  ○ Idea of racial inferiority   ● Need for labor  ● Influence of Genocide related to the Indians based on phenotype  ■ Racial projects  ● Conquest of land  ● Shift  from traditional ranching to agricultural   ○ Influenced by idea of manifest destiny  ● Influenced by Annexation, War and seizure of land   ■ White supremacy  ● Legal justifications to discriminate such as by debt bondage   ○ citizenship taken away etc  ■ Similarities  ● sharecropping/labor  ● racial segregation   ● ideology of each is responsible for his own merit   ● legal rights are taken away after being granted  ○  


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