Soc 156-Anglo/Mexicans SOC 156
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Freddie816 on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 156 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Bloom in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see - Race and Ethnicity in American Life in Sociology at University of California - Los Angeles.
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Date Created: 02/17/16
Feb 17 To what extent are racial struggles motivated by efforts to maintain White Supremacy? What Ideas motivate racial projects? How are boundaries formed? What are the key differences BW the Mexican/Anglo divide and the black/white divide? ● genocide ○ keep in mind that genocide was basically influenced through the idea of racial inferiority during the era of conquest. This is argued by Wimmer to have influence the enslavement of blacks through slavery and later, through the establishment of sharecropping→ debt peonage, enforced by Jim Crow ● Annexation ○ During the 1800s, the southwest (Texas) was predominantly dominated by Indians, who resist conquest by the Spanish and then the Mexicans ○ In fact, most of the US today, was predominantly dominated by Indians and “minorities” ■ Most of LA for example, was dominated by Mexicans ● However, throughland ownership and labor, land is stolen from both Mexicans and Indians (legally) ○ Even through hiring lawyers ○ Ex ■ In San Diego 1860, 31% of Mexicans owned land, 20 yrs later, land ownership drops significantly to 1.8% ■ In Texas 1850, more than 30% of Mexicans owned land, dropped to 15% in 1900’s ■ In contrast, only 2% of Anglos own land which increases to 30% in 1900 ● Genderization of conquest ○ In Santa Fe New Mexico 13% of Anglos marry woman influential woman ■ With loss of land, Mexicans lose essential resources such as food and are forced to work for Anglos ● 1850 Texas⅓ of Mexicans are labor workers→ doubles in 1900 ● But labor, becomes simply a form osharecropping in which Mexicans are given a share of land in return for labor→ borrow to maintain it = permanent debt ■ Many mexican women also became domestic workers ■ Unionization of mining is resisted through hiring workers from different ethnic backgrounds (all over the world) ■ Permanent citizenship is promised to Mexicans although, a law agrees that suffrage will only go to white males ■ Ambiguity of the racial category that Mexicans belong to ● First, Mexicans are treated as whites→ resolved by CA and Arizona by taking voting rights, citizenship rights and other political privileges away for those with Indian blood ○ Possible answers to main questions Feb 17 ■ racial boundaries ● Before the war there existednational boundary that separates Mexico from the US (1845) ● Cultural differences are influential ○ Speak different languages ○ Idea of racial inferiority ● Need for labor ● Influence of Genocide related to the Indians based on phenotype ■ Racial projects ● Conquest of land ● Shift from traditional ranching to agricultural ○ Influenced by idea of manifest destiny ● Influenced by Annexation, War and seizure of land ■ White supremacy ● Legal justifications to discriminate such as by debt bondage ○ citizenship taken away etc ■ Similarities ● sharecropping/labor ● racial segregation ● ideology of each is responsible for his own merit ● legal rights are taken away after being granted ○
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