2/15/16-2/17/16: The importance of social structure
2/15/16-2/17/16: The importance of social structure SOC 100
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kellsie Zacholl on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at State University of New York at Oswego taught by Evelyn A Benavides (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at State University of New York at Oswego.
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Date Created: 02/17/16
What makes a society? The importance of social structure I. The Macrosociological perspective: Social Structure: that framework of social relationships A. The significance of social structure 1. it is what gives us direction, sets the limit of your behavior, you cannot escape it, and most of the time you are unaware of it. 2. set up when you are born; and gonna be there when you die 3. people and attitudes: we are virtually the same. it has to do with your position in social structure. Why do we believe and behave differently? 4. Social interaction: B. The Components of social structure 1. Status and roles: 1. Status: where you are in society. your position within social structure. If you have status we assume you have money. Sociologist believe everyone has status. 1. Wife, daughter, teacher, sister, girlfriend, student ect. 2. Some roles can go together, and some cannot go together 1. Professor+Daughter, Sister+professor 1. They can be these at the same time because they do not conflict with each other. 2. Professor+student (Do not go together) 1. Students can wear what they want as long as they have clothes on, professors want to look professional. (Role conflict) ii. Some statuses we choose and some we do not iii. Ascribed status mother, daughter, race, disabilities iv. Achieved statuses doctorate, marriage, being a mother, career, hobbies v. Master status: where our identity comes from; things that takes up most of your time 1. Ex: professor, mother, student b. Role: the expected behavior that goes along with a status i. Teacher: have to come to class; on time, have to be prepared to talk about the information, mentor(someone to guide you), ii. What do you do if a role conflicts? you have to choose one or the other. b. groups a. Make up with one or more individuals for a common purpose b. majority of your life will be spent in groups i. family, friends, class b. Social institutions a. the formal way society meets its needs.Organized large groups that are doing something for society. i. ex: Education, religion, work, economy, media, healthcare, family B. How does social structure hold together? a. Social cohesion: Durkheim:Similar tasks and behaviors; societies before modernization were mostly built in small towns. They all believed the same thing, they all had the same values, and they had all the same jobs a. people are behaving, believing in the same thing b. First thing asked in a small town: Where are you from and what church are you from? c. Mechanical solidarity: People are bonding because they are similar d. Organic solidarity: Dependant on each other. i. Big cities ii. we depend on others to grow our food. We rely on the farmers who provide the food. II. The MicroSociological Perspective: Social interaction in Everyday life A. Symbolic Interaction a. Going to be interesting in how we use symbols and background meaning to dictate how we behave b. we like attractive people, we think they are better, we treat them better c. Hollywood uses attractive people because we will respond better to the movie/product being represented. d. Case Study #1Gender 1. Gender and Personal Performance: Demeanor: General Conduct or Deportment Use of Space Staring, Smiling, and Touching 2. Gender and Language Language and Power Language and Value Language and Attention B. Dramaturgy: The Presentation of Self a. Gothman; he went to 100s of places and just watched people to better understand how people interact with people b. Everybody knows what their part is and what to expect from everyone else. c. Social interaction can go wrong. Something unexpected can happen. d. Social structure is just a set of plays where you have different parts (statuses). You have roles (Your script) ultimately it is all about performance (Doing your part) then there is backstage performance (When you are alone or with close friends and you just let yourself out). C. Ethnomethodology: Uncovering Background assumptions a. A school of sociologist that were headed by garfinkle b. You have to uncover the background to the performance. Only way to do that is break the rules. c. Sent students to the grocery line. Grab 5 items and started haggling the prices. The people in line were more upset than the grocery clerk because in line you are supposed to finish as fast as you can. d. What is reality? Reality could be subjective. D. The Social Construction of Reality a. Spin Game (Choosing our words Carefully) a. Ex. Military language and their actual meanings i. Incontinent Ordnance: Bombs or shells that miss their targets and hits civilians ii. Area Denial Weapons: Cluster bombs that kill and destroy anything within a particular area iii. Coercive Potential: The capacity of bombs and shells to kill and injure the enemy iv. Suppressing assets: Reducing the enemy’s ability to fight by killing people and destroying equipment v. Ballistically Induced Aperture: Bullet hole b. Thomas Theorem a. Reality becomes real in its effects. When there are consequences that is when it becomes social structure. b. If reality is just perception then nothing will ever happen.
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