History 150 Exam 2 material
History 150 Exam 2 material 150
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 02/17/16
2/17/16: Industrial Revolution The First Industrial Revolution, 17601850. ***test questions*** Britain: o 4 significant aspects: (1) NEW MACHINES. In the cotton textile trade. Background: o In 1760 cotton cloth was produced in people’s cottages. Hand loom for weaving. Hand machine. Produced one spindle of thread. o Workers participated in the “putting out system”. o Hand machines. Impetus for the invention of new machines? Speed up cotton production. The more created, produced a large amount of money. Important new machines. Richard Arkwright. o 1769. o Invented water frame for spinning. Samuel Cromptons. o 1779. o Invented mule spinning machine. o Produced 2,000 spindles of thread. Edmund Cartwright. o 1787. o Produced power loom for weaving. (2) A NEW FORM OF ENERGY. Steam power. 2/17/16: Industrial Revolution o In 1769 James Watt unveiled his steam engine. o In 1782 he developed a rotary engine that could turn a shaft and power the new cotton textile machines. Used coal to power this machine. The steampowered locomotive and the beginning of the Railroad Age. (3) NEW FACTORIES. In the cotton textile trade. o Link to the development of the cotton textile trade. o Transportation of goods between Manchester and Liverpool. Manchester. Center of cotton trade. 1763: o Canal was built between Manchester and Liverpool. It took 36 hours to transport goods via canal. September 15, 1830. Grand Opening Ceremony of the Liverpool to Manchester Line. o 32 miles long. o Cotton and textile will stimulate this line. o Launched railway mania. George Stephenson’s Rocket. Selected to be the first to use the line. Traveled the whole 32 miles. Within 1 year after its invention, 400,000 people paid to ride it. By 1850, 64.7 million people rode it. William Huskisson. MP for Liverpool. Supported construction of the railway. Believed it would increase prosperity. Was hit and killed by the Rocket. (4) NEW WORK PATTERNS. In those factories. Development of the railroad. o The social and cultural impact of the railroad. Reshaped the environment. 2/17/16: Industrial Revolution People felt a sense of power over nature that had not been experienced before. People were expanding their horizons by traveling to new places. Primary motive for the railroad was business. Church sermon: o “The line to heaven by us is made within heavenly truth the rails are laid, from earth to heaven the line extends and in eternal life it ends.” Antitrain: o “Such taverns as these are railroads to hell, their barrels are engines which make men rebel; their judged and their glasses which furnish their trains, will empty their pockets and muddle their brains. And these drunkards ride to hell in their pride, with nothing but steam from the barrels inside.” o By 1842: Britain was transformed into one time zone.
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