Class Notes for 2/15 AND 2/17
Class Notes for 2/15 AND 2/17 ENG 3804
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by maditaylor7 on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENG 3804 at Florida State University taught by Anna Bighta in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 99 views. For similar materials see History of Illustrated Text in Foreign Language at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 02/17/16
Class Notes 2/15 Presentations by Class: William Hogarth o photo used as a narration o massive book o engraving done on copper plates by Hogarth himself o collage of face: shows he is perfectionistic is there a clear line between a character and a caricature? o Beer Street: can identify crosshatching even in the smallest spaces o use of perspective similar to that of Dickens Horaces Opera o popular during British enlightenment— 1730s o over 300 vignettes o detail is important—printed copper plates o image that is the best one can buy Herbal o by Elizabeth Blackwell— 500 plants used for medicinal purposes o Released in Installments o 1782 o Engravings done in relief style as well as hand painting o 36/500 plates painted— all at beginning of the Herbal o release of book to make money to get husband out of debtors prison Caricature in relation to Bleak House (up to ch 25) How to Start Analyzing an Image ex. used in class: New Yorker satire cover o First Layer of Connections to be made when looking at an image: what exactly are we looking at? What is happening (without thought to context)? What is universally human about this image? ex. two people in a room o Second Layer of connections when looking at an image: cultural contexts in your environment we know what fist bumping means ex. congratulatory agreement being made between two people (i.e. fist bumping) o Third Layer of connections: genre conventions, also where/when something is created; meaning ex. negative image towards Obama as being portrayed as Muslim— flag burning maybe scare tactic against Obama during his election season— cultural and regional contexts and meaning Frontispiece: the engraving of the authors bust (head and shoulders) which would be on or near the title page o when trying to memorialize an author and his/her works in 1500s became popular engraved of copper o In Bleak Houses’ frontispiece: We see: the house, possibly that which is referenced in the title or something else; ominous dark tones; the personification of a house instead of a portrait of author — breaking the convention of the frontispiece but also keeping it by including one architecture title page: another convention appeared in the 1600s— to ornate your title page with architecture o book is a type of structure that you go into o In Bleak Houses’ Title Page hand drawn letters vignette etching We see: a poor kid leaning against post with a broom (possibly an image of Joe), astray dog, man walking with a broadsheet— poster you sell by sticking it on a stick and walking around with it; both standing in front of some architectural structure in London parody of architectural title page we can interpret that this is not some magical story but one of reality in the frontispiece and architectural title page illustration and text merge caricatures: exaggerates of someones appearance o used to make fun of someone or lighten and image o very prevalent in early 1800s o 1859 periodical Punch Thames river being personified as homeless collector of degree, business man critiquing Thames political critique o Charles Philipon: 1830s made caricatures famous in France rival caricature LouisPhilippe— draws a King from a shape of a pear— arrested many times but he stood up for himself— people painted this image in support of his caricature— the fight for free speech o Moves into literature/periodical: chapters included with caricatures caricatures done quickly so reasonable to add into periodical and you could illustrate the current events o Sketches by Bozz: draws pictures of people in the street brought concept into Bleak House and Oliver Twist condition true to life o “Phiz” (illustrator of Bleak House) also worked for other periodicals of the time Irony and Figurative images both prevalent in Bleak House o the partnership of Phiz and Dickens meshed well o Phiz used to call himself Nemo— becomes character in Bleak House o worked together for 20 years— 1859 Phiz’s career diminishes, Dickens wanted fresh perspective Class Notes 2/17 Bleak House discussion Anna recommends skimming for better comprehension The way the sequence of illustrations was released originally is different than the order in our copies o many inversions o our illustrations are embedded in the text, while during the victorian era the pictures were released in different chapters because of the way the illustrations were at the front of the installment before reading the text o this aspect changes the chronology of the story/ how it was perceived in victorian era o Miss Jellyby (the illustration form the novel) how do we read the image? thinking about where our eye goes (as directed by the illustrator) o the light and contrast draws us into the faces instead of the background composition: components being arranged to create a harmonious unified language (or image) analyzing art using the classic elements: perspective, light, color, form, motion, proportion o all components needed to convey message “correctly" o Analyzing the images in Bleak House always group scenes illustrated shows how much Dickens loves characters also that none of the characters are never alone how the characters are illustrated main characters: the main characters are sort of off center, with high contrast on faces, more of a clearer image, profile shots o all of these features help direct the eye o also similar to how Dickens presents his main characters main characters are hard to pick out Esther, Lady D., John Jarndyce, o Esther is almost always shown with her head turned from viewer! don’t see full face until Caddy’s Flowers illustration Phiz and Dickens decided not to highlight the main characters and instead fully illustrate the characters that are sort of weird in order to draw attention to these crazy characters and their Deportment— Mr. Turverdrop Mr. Turveydrop’s Masterful deportment o he just walks around showing off his pompous egotistical attitude o he’s actually just a mooch off of Prince’s money o everyone is listening to him History from this time period in relation to “deportment" o Prince Turveydrop named for the prince who ran the country into debt through lavishly spending his father is mooching off of him, pretending to be something he’s not What was being printed around the same time as Bleak House? lithography— very popular o invented in 1800, popular in 1830s o doesn’t work well with typeface because of the method however lends itself towards larger posters Paris and London were covered in posters during this time o how are lithographs made? video shown in class: stones sanded and prepared, then drawn directly on the stone with a waxy medium (allows for a wide range of affects), textures can also be added, then add ink creating a white on black image, stone is processed (with talc and gum coating), add ink to stone, than sponge away excess & repeat serval times, ink builds up gradually the image, then image is pressed under high pressure onto the paper
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