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Psych Chapter 1

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by: Kristen Pruett

Psych Chapter 1 Psych100

Kristen Pruett

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About this Document

Lecture Notes from February 11, 2016
General Psychology
Kristen Begosh
Class Notes
25 ?




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"Loved these! I'm a horrible notetaker so I'll be your #1 fan in this class"
Gussie Goyette

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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristen Pruett on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych100 at University of Delaware taught by Kristen Begosh in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 76 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Delaware.

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Star Star Star Star Star

Loved these! I'm a horrible notetaker so I'll be your #1 fan in this class

-Gussie Goyette


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Date Created: 02/17/16
2/11  Ch. 1 Thinking Critically With Psychological Science    Need for Psychological Science  ● the “grandmother test” (ex. early bird gets the worm, don't judge a book by it's cover)  ● potential problems relying on intuition and common sense  ■ is it true that “birds of a feather flock together”?  ○ hindsight bias   ○ overconfidence  ○ perception of patterns in random events  ● Hindsight Bias​ ­ the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have  forseen it (i could've told you that would be the result)   ○ we should be predicting rather than explaining  ○ hindsight bias is explaining what's in the past  ○ sometimes intuition is wrong (I might have intuition that opposites attract but is  that actually the case? no)  ○ hindsight bias example ­ higher amounts of sleep lead to greater academic  achievement  ­ lower amounts of sleep lead to greater academic achievement   ● Overconfidence​ ­ we think we know more than we do   ○ danger when studying for an exam under this assumption (might overlook  material)  ○ when shown that they aren't accurate, participants explain away the results or  rationalize (my team would have won if…)  ● Perceiving Order in Random Event​ ­ craters in the moon are completely random but if  you want you can perceive shapes, or, a piece of toast that seems to look like jesus  ● The Scientific Attitude  ○ 3 main components   ■ curiosity ­ willingness to go against the norm   ■ skepticism   ■ humility ­ awareness of vulnerability to error and openness to new  perspectives  ● let the data/information guide you   ● “the rat is always right”  ● Critical Thinking​ ­ thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusion   ○ examine assumptions  ○ discern hidden evidence   ○ evaluate evidence  ○ assess conclusions  ● Scientific Method  ○ observation  ○ ask a question  ○ hypothesis   ○ research question  ○ design a study   ○ analyze the data  ○ draw a conclusion 


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