Intro to Soc Feb 5-15 Notes
Intro to Soc Feb 5-15 Notes 1500-23210
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by ysu34 on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1500-23210 at Youngstown State University taught by Denise A. Narcisse, Ph.D. in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Youngstown State University.
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Date Created: 02/17/16
Intro to Sociology February 8, 2016- M Review for Test February 10, 2016- W Exam 1 Curve: 35-31 A 30-26 B 25-21 C 20-16 D 15 below F February 12, 2016- F C. The 8 steps in Sociological Research (conducted in this order) 1. Select a Topic a. What do we want to know more about b. Any human behavior is a potential topic for sociologists c. Sociological research is based upon i. Sociological interest ii. Your access to subjects iii. Appropriate methods iv. Ethical consideration 2. Define your pattern- concern a. State what you want to learn about a given topic b. Discuss why you want to study, what to say, and what you want to study 3. Conduct a Literature Review a. Read what has already published on your topic if anything 4. Formulate a hypothesis a. Think of a hypothesis as an if-then statement that predicts something b. An example of an hypothesis would be: If an athlete is under pressure to perform, then he is more likely to use performance enhancing drugs. (Steroids) 5. Choose a Research Method a. A research method is a procedure for collecting data b. Sociologists use 6 basic research methods c. We will review these momentarily 6. Collect Data a. (Keeping the issues of reliability and validity in mind) 7. Analyze the Results a. You can analyze the results by relating your results to what you expect to find b. You can analyze the results by relating results to what other people have found c. You can use statistical software to analyze results 8. Share the results February 15, 2016- M II. Six Research Methods for Collecting Data A. Survey Research Method 1. Features a. This method involves collecting data by having people to answer a series of questions b. Examples: i. US Census ii. Gallop poll iii. Consumer surveys that survey companies sometimes tell us (e.g. Dermagraphics of buyers) 2. Strengths . Fairly easy to administer a. Surveys are relatively cheap and fairly easy to administer 3. Limitations . We cannot go in depth info on a topic a. The response rate for mailed surveys is low B. Participant Observation Research Method 1. Features a. This field work in which you observe people and things in their natural setting and by directly observing them b. Example of study that use the participant observation research method is one connected by Barbara Enrenrich i. Barbara wanted to know the obstacles that low wage women encountered in the workplace ii. So she became a maid, Walmart sales clerk, and waitress iii. She wrote a book called Nickel and Dime that described what she learned c. This method means you are observing when you participate d. “Dammed if you do, dammed if you don't” e. Barbara concluded that women were often on the Catch 22 2. Strengths . Provides more descriptive detail information than most other research methods do a. Example this method allows you to gather information on facial features, dress, and language b. Example: some people don't treat their hotel rooms like they do their own home 3. Limitations . Usually can only study small groups/communities a. Research may not take place if the researcher doesn't know how to get close to people so that the researcher can study them b. May be greater risk for the researcher to lose his/her neutral or objective perspective using this method . This is true if the researcher closely identifies with the people being studied C. Secondary Analysis Research Method 1. Features a. Involves examining data someone else collected, and sometimes for another purpose b. Example: researcher who examines the original data from a study of women abused by their husbands i. Perhaps you want to use data to determine whether or not differences between husband/wife education is associated with wife abuse ii. You can do this as long as original study has info on this c. Researchers often conduct secondary analysis using data originally conducted by the US Census Bureau, Labor Dept. and Dept. of Education 2. Strengths . Researchers don't have to spend time collecting original data a. Some public documents are fairly easy to get from the local library or off the internet
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