Music and the Media, Week Two Notes
Music and the Media, Week Two Notes MUNM-25100
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Gendron on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUNM-25100 at Ithaca College taught by Dr. Peter Rothbart in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Music and the Media in Music at Ithaca College.
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Date Created: 02/17/16
Music and the Media Notes Week Two Vocab Temporal Art- Art you cannot experience without the passing of time (Ex. Music, Theater, Film, Fashion) Static Art- Art that stays the same over time (Ex. Photography, Sculpture, Literature) Pulse- An equal division of time Circadian Rhythms- Naturally occurring cyclical events Atonal- Cannot find root or home note to a piece of music o One tends to divide the pulse/beat into duple/triple meter There is also the possibility of non-rhythmic or mixed meter TV Show Analysis o Almost all children’s show theme songs are in duple o Almost all sitcom theme songs are in duple o Almost all spy/action films & shows are in mixed o Almost all suspenseful shows are arrhythmic o Monophony- There is only one melody occurring o Homophony- Melody with accompaniment o Polyphony- Many musical lines going on simultaneously all of equal importance. (Counterpoint, Contrapuntal) Within this there is free/imitative counterpoint Imitative- The same line occurs at the same time or at different points among different parts Free Counterpoint- The various musical points within this polyphony don’t repeat and aren’t similar Reading Notes “What to Listen for in Music” Copland Ch. 4-6 Music has four essential elements: Rhythm, Melody, Harmony, and Tone Color (Tone Color is covered in a later chapter) Most historians believe if music started anywhere specifically it started with the beating of a rhythm It wasn’t until about 1150 that “measured music” as it was called was slowly introduced to western civilization The two ways one might regard this change is either with a liberating/restraining effect o Since the dictation of normal notes has been recorded the natural rhythm of music which was the rhythm or prose of speech (poetic) it has never been able to be replicated exactly o The transcribing of rhythms allowed replication of a composers exact rhythmical conceptions to last for generations o It also allowed for contrapuntal/many voiced music unthinkable without measured metrical units th o However, simple rhythms could become monotonous 19 century composers mostly focused on harmony allowing the rhythm to become dulled Meter vs. Rhythm Meter divides the notes into metrical units by distributing note values o However, this still does not give us the rhythm of the phrase One gets rhythm when you stress the notes using the musical sense of the phrase It wasn’t until the end of the 19 century that composers began writing pieces in mixed meters (Not duple or triple) Polyrhythms: The combination of two or more independent rhythms at the same time Melodic lines need to have satisfying proportions o The line must be long and flowing with low and high points of interest and a climactic moment usually near the end Cadances: Divide the melodic line into more easily understandable phrases. They are like temporary resting points All melodies exist within the limits of some scale system Scale- A certain arrangement of a specific series of notes There have been four main systems of scale building: Oriental, Greek, Ecclesiastical, and Modern Harmony is the most sophisticated of the three musical elements (Rhythm, Melody, Harmony) and was unknown in music until about the 9 Century o Up until then music we have any record of consisted of a single melodic line 3 Principal Kinds of Harmonic Writing Organum- The use of fourths and fifths to harmonize above and below the root note Descant- Two independent melodies moving in opposite directions (the soprano line is ascending while the bass line descends) Faux-Bourdon- Introduced the use of the forbidden intervals of the 3 and the 6 which after their acceptance in the musical society created what we associate harmony as sounding like Harmonic theory is based on the assumption that all chords are built from the lowest note upwards in a series of intervals thirds
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