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BIO 111-14 Chapter 4 Notes

by: Melissa Romano

BIO 111-14 Chapter 4 Notes BIOL 111 102

Marketplace > Camden County College > Science > BIOL 111 102 > BIO 111 14 Chapter 4 Notes
Melissa Romano


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About this Document

Study material for Midterm/Final exam
Introduction to Modern Biology
Jill Carroll
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melissa Romano on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 111 102 at Camden County College taught by Jill Carroll in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Modern Biology in Science at Camden County College.


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Date Created: 02/17/16
Chapter 4: Carbon & The Molecular Diversity of Life Organic Chemistry -Organic Molecules: contain Carbon and Hydrogen  Hydrocarbon: (Hydrophobic) -Energy rich bonds - Good storage molecule for energy -Provide energy Miller-Urey Experiment (1953)  Simulated early Earth’s environment  Within one week, simple carbon compounds were formed (organic compounds)  Similar experiments formed amino acids and adrenine  Formed organic compounds from simple inorganic compounds Carbon  Contains 4 valence electrons -Can form chains, branches, or rings -4 covalent bonds  Isomers: - Molecules have same chemical formula but different structural formula - Ex: C 6 12(s6gar) has many forms Functional Groups - Hydroxyl = OH - Carboxyl = COOH (O’s separate) - Amino = NH 2 - Phosphate = PO (Neg4tive charge) - Methyl = CH (turn off genes) 3 ATP  Adenosine Triphosphate -Nucleotide with 3 negatively charged phosphate groups (A-P~P~P)  High energy bonds are unstable due to repulsion of like charges  Molecule used for all energy requirements of cells  Break down easily to release energy  P-P-P-Adenosine—Reacts with H O-P 2 i (Inorganic Phosphate)enosine + Energy


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