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ARTH 221 week 4 notes

by: Kavisha Shroff

ARTH 221 week 4 notes ARTH 221

Marketplace > Towson University > Art History > ARTH 221 > ARTH 221 week 4 notes
Kavisha Shroff
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Aegean Era
Survey of Western Art I
Amy Koch
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kavisha Shroff on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARTH 221 at Towson University taught by Amy Koch in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Survey of Western Art I in Art History at Towson University.

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Date Created: 02/17/16
The prehistoric Aegean has three geographic areas, and each has its own distinctive artistic identity. Cycladic art is the art of the Cycladic Islands (so named because they circle around Delos), as well as of the adjacent islands in the Aegean, excluding Crete. Minoan art encompasses the art of Crete. Helladic art is the art of the Greek mainland (Hellas in Greek).  CYCLADIC ART Marble was abundantly available in the superb quarries of the Aegean Islands, especially on Naxos and Paros.  MINOAN ART o During the third millennium BCE, both on the Aegean Islands and on the Greek mainland, most settlements were small and consisted only of simple buildings. Only rarely were the dead buried with costly offerings such as the Cycladic statuettes just examined. o The construction of large palaces marked the opening centuries of the second millennium  PALACE AT KNOSSOS The largest of the palaces, at Knossos. It was the legendary home of King Minos. o Labrys means“double ax,” and it is a recurring motif in the Minoan palace, referringto sacrificial slaughter. o The labyrinth was the “House of the Double Axes.” o The Knossos palace was a rambling structure built against the upper slopes and across the top of a low hill that rises from a fertile plain  BULL-LEAPING: o A fresco from the palace at Knossos depicts the Minoan ceremony of bull-leaping, in which young men grasped the horns of a bull and vaulted onto its back—a perilous and extremely difficult acrobatic maneuver. o The Minoan artist painted the young women (with fair skin) and the youth (with dark skin) according to the widely accepted ancient convention for distinguishing male and female.  MINOAN POTTERY o During the Middle Minoan period, Cretan potters fashioned sophisticated shapes using newly introduced potters’ wheels, and decorated their vases in a distinctive and fully polychromatic style. o The sea and the creatures that inhabit it also inspired the Late Minoan Marine Style octopus jar  SNAKE GODDESS o One of the most striking finds at the palace at Knossos was the faience (low-fired opaque glasslike silicate) statuette popularly known as the Snake Goddess. o Represent mortal attendants rather than a deity, although the prominently exposed breasts suggest that these o Figurines stand in the long line of prehistoric fertility images usually considered divinities. The Knossos woman holds snakes in her hands and also supports a leopard like feline on her head. This implied power over the animal world  MYCENAEAN ART  TIRYNS o The heavy walls of Tiryns and Mycenae contrast sharply with the open Cretan palaces and clearly reveal their defensive character. o Those of Tiryns average about 20 feet in thickness, and in one section they house a long gallery the builders piled the large, irregular Cyclopean blocks in horizontal courses and then cantilevered them inward until the two walls met in a pointed arch. o No mortar was used, and the vault is held in place only by the weight of the blocks  LION GATE, MYCENAE o Outer gateway of the stronghold at Mycenae. o It is protected on the left by a wall built on a natural rock outcropping and on the right by a projecting bastion of large blocks. o The whole design admirably matches its triangular space, harmonizing in dignity, strength, and scale with the massive stones that form the walls and gate  Treasury of Atreus,Mycenae, Greece The best-preserved Mycenaean tholos tomb is named for Homer’s King Atreus. An earthen mound covers the burial chamber, which is accessed through a doorway at the end of a long passageway .  Vault of the tholos of the Treasury of Atreus The beehive-shaped tholos of the Treasury of Atreus is composed of corbeled courses of stone blocks laid on a circular base. The 43-foothigh dome was the largest in the world for almost 1,500 years  Funerary mask, from Grave Circle A, Mycenae, Greece  Homer described the Mycenaeans as “rich in gold.” This beaten gold (repoussé) mask of a bearded man comes from a royal shaft grave. It is one of the first attempts at life-size sculpture in Greece.


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