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American Governmet week four

by: Collins Birech

American Governmet week four American Goverment 1101

Collins Birech
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These notes will cover what will be on next test
Dr. Hatcher William
Class Notes




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Collins Birech on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to American Goverment 1101 at Augusta State University taught by Dr. Hatcher William in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Humanities in Political Science at Augusta State University.


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Date Created: 02/17/16
Federalism and the U.S.   Constitution Chapter 4 In This Chapter We Will Learn About:  The three main tasks of governing  The three branches of government  The constitutional relationship among those institutions  How the founders resolved the issue of relations between state governments  and the federal government  How flexibility is built into the Constitution by the founders to help it grow  and change as needed The Three Branches of Government  All governments must have the power to:  Legislate, or make laws  Administer, or execute laws  Adjudicate, or interpret laws  Because of our separation of powers, we have three branches of government:  Legislative  Executive  Judicial The Legislative Branch  Article I of the U.S. Constitution sets out the framework for Congress:  We have a bicameral legislature, meaning it has two chambers: the House of  Representatives and the Senate  Each state has two members in the Senate regardless of the state’s population  (direct)   Membership in the House of Representatives depends on the state’s population  (proportional) The Executive Branch  Executive: responsible for executing the laws, putting them into effect.  Outlined in Article II  Concerns of the founders:  Executive could provide stability  However, many had a fear of tyranny  Resolved with single executive: the president  What does the Constitution say?   Chosen by Electoral College  Can be impeached for treason or other high crimes The Judicial Branch  Judicial: the power to interpret laws and judge whether a law has been  broken. Outlined in Article III  According to the founders, this was the “least dangerous” branch. Why?  Judicial review, which is the power of the Supreme Court to rule on the  constitutionality of laws, was not spelled out in the Constitution, but it was later a  power the Supreme Court gave itself in Marbury v. Madison Separation of Powers and   Checks and Balances  Separation of powers: the institutional arrangement that assigns judicial,  executive, and legislative powers to different branches of the government,  thereby limiting the powers of each  Checks and balances: the principle that allows each branch of government to exercise some form of control over the others  What are some examples of checks between the three branches? Separation of Powers vs. Fusion of Powers  Separation of Powers  Executive Legislature   ↑ elect ↑ elect   Voters Voters  (Presidential systems)  Fusion of Powers  Executive   ↑ elect  Legislature   ↑ elect  Voters  (Parliamentary systems)  Federalism  Federalism makes our political system one of the largest (in terms of number of governments) and most complex (due to their relationship) in the world  How many governments does the U.S. have?  What are the different levels of government that we have?  As a result of federalism, Americans have two “citizenships:” national and  state, and each comes with different rights and responsibilities


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