New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Diversity II Notes Week 5

by: Jacob Erle

Diversity II Notes Week 5 211

Marketplace > Syracuse University > Foreign Language > 211 > Diversity II Notes Week 5
Jacob Erle
GPA 3.85

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Here are the lecture notes from Dr. Weir's lecture on Fungal-like Protists. Color-coding on notes has stayed constant
Diversity of Life II
Justine Weber
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Diversity of Life II

Popular in Foreign Language

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jacob Erle on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 211 at Syracuse University taught by Justine Weber in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Diversity of Life II in Foreign Language at Syracuse University.


Reviews for Diversity II Notes Week 5


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/17/16
Diversity of Life II Notes Week 5 2/16/16 Fungal­like Protists (NOT Fungi) ­can be unicellular and multicellular ­can be motile or non­motile ­includes slime molds (very loose term) Allan Turing – creator of 1  computer ­Proposed idea of morphogenesis – development of shape ­unlike most other organisms, growth and development don’t occur  simultaneously in slime molds Slime Molds ­organism produces trophic stage but lacks cell wall, phagotrophic (feed by engulfing) Trophic stages Amoebae (single­celled) and Plasmodia (multi­celled) ­lack cell walls, engulf prey and can multiply Phylum Pasmodiophoromycota ­live inside hosts (endoparasitic), mostly of algae, plants and fungi ­can cause abnormal enlargement or stunting  Plasmodiophora brassicae ­affects 10% of world’s cabbage, causes club­root of crucifers  ­black warts of potatoes Cellular slime molds ­Dictyosteliomycota and Acrasiomycota  ­trophic stages  Dictyostelids ­Dictyostelium discoideum ­bio equivalent of Drosophila ­easy­growing, easy to maintain ­separates growth stage from morphogenic stage ­important for study of  ­Production of spores on germination ­Aggregation of amoebae in response to chemical signal in environment (acrasin, cAMP) coming from every other amoebae  Pseudoplasmodium (grex/slug_ ­ Genera of Dictyostelids ­Dictostelium ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ Myxomycetes (Mycetozoa) – Plasmodial Slime Molds (700species described) ­Phagotrophic ­highest diversity seen in temperate zones, huge geographical distribution Life Cycle Stages ­3 types of uninucleate cells ­ ­ ­reproductive phase ­plasmodial slime molds ­primarily seen on forest floor ­spores germinated to form haploid amoeboid cells develop flagella ­ ­fuse to form plasmodium (feeding stage, can really spread out) ­nuclei dividing synchronously  ­ ­ Sporangia ­ ­meiosis occurs to form haploid spores ­capilitia – may help in discharging spores (activity related to humidity) ­consists of twisted hyphal threads ­can be found all over (bark, leaf litter) ­many are eaten and dispersed by invertebrates (e.g. beetles) Sporulation and Sporophores ­ ­changes seem to be irreversible  ­dependent on mpoisture,  4 types of sporangia ­Clustered ­has its peridium ­hypothallus (slimy deposit of a trail it leaves behind as it moves around) Aethalium ­cushion­shaped Pseudoaethalium ­common hypothallus Plasmo ­resembles hypo, repro stage Ex. Liceales (toothpaste slime mold) ­consistency of excretion resembles toothpaste ­no lime or capillitium ­very light brown spores ­most with  Echinosteliales (9species)  ­smallest of all known myxomycetes Trichiales ­hairy looking ­abundant ­yellow, orange, or red spores Physarales ­purple­brown spores ­abundant lime ­ Stemonitales (chocolate slimes) ­violet­brown spores ­beautiful in the field, but tough to grow in lab Ceratiomyxales  ­only group with spores produced externally Kingdom Straminipila ­ OOMYCOTA ­Seen in Europe, not in USA ­somewhat analogous to Kingdom Protista ­aquatic slime molds, kelp, brown algae  all have very similar DNA Defining Characteristics ­filaments ­cell organelles move freely along filaments ­cell walls like chitin that make up fungi; made up of glucans and cellulose ­asexual repro via biflagellate zoospores; sexual repro by oogonia  and antheridia – no  motile gametes ­diploid life cycle (2n) is major repro phase ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ Haptoglossa – hosts and habitat ­remarkably complex and sophisticated structure ­species infects bactivorous nematodes (eel­worms) and rotifers; common in manure/dung piles  “Harpoon fungus” – gun cell ­inverted hypodermic syringe in shape of tube ­gun fires into nematode ­ ­has its own unique infection cell ­ ­ ­ ­ancestry is more aquatic, have basal phylogeny Orders of Oomycetes Phytopsera infesti – responsible for Irish potato famine 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.