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SOC 2010 Chapter 4 Notes

by: kyle.gosland

SOC 2010 Chapter 4 Notes Soc 2010

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Chapter 4 Reading and Lecture Notes
Introduction to sociology
Mary Barr
Class Notes
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by kyle.gosland on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 2010 at Clemson University taught by Mary Barr in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Introduction to sociology in Sociology at Clemson University.


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Date Created: 02/17/16
Chapter 4: Socialization  Biological Determinism  Biology is primary factor determining differences between individuals  Contrast to view that lives are socially determined by environments we live in  Nature vs. Nurture  Debate about if people are shaper by genes or the social environment  Born a certain way or learn over time  Most experts agree that people are influenced by both  Still debates about extent of each (genetics vs. environment)  Secret of the Wild Child  “Genie” raised in social isolation until age 13  “Feral Child”  Grew up separate from society and culture  UCLA Children’s Hospital after being found for rehab  Mentally retarded at birth vs. result of upbringing (abuse)  Tested brain activity, showed she was born handicapped  Mental age increased at normal rate (impossible with brain damage)  Able to learn but functionally retarded  Socialization  Process that helps infants learn skills that will help them become functioning societal members  People learn to live in society, not born with the ability  Social experiences help people learn their culture  4 Agents of Socialization  Family: language, norms & values, gender; most significant  Schools: hidden curriculum (learned indirectly because of structure and teaching methods)  Peers: desire to fit in  Mass Media: Harvard Med School Study (p.109 in textbook)  Ethical Dilemmas with Genie  Professional research goals vs. own self interest  Professional behavior (being emotionally attached)  Called the “Forbidden Experiment”  Resocialization: replacing previous norms with new ones; transition within someone’s life  Total Institution: people completely isolated from society so their lives can be controlled in order to change their behavior (prisons, mental hospitals, etc.)


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