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Lecture 1

by: Shira Clements

Lecture 1 BSCI223

Shira Clements

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Notes from Lecture 1
General Microbiology
Professor McIver
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shira Clements on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BSCI223 at University of Maryland taught by Professor McIver in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see General Microbiology in Biology at University of Maryland.

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Date Created: 02/17/16
Shira Clements Microbes: microorganisms, smaller than the eyes can see, individually that is, without help. - Prokaryotic: Bacteria, Archae - Eukaryotic: Fungi, Protozoa, Algae - Acellular: Viruses What Microbes can do TO us: • cause sickness, disease, death • ruin foods, crops, cattle, destroy products • foul industry What Microbes can do FOR us: • Our microbiome provides health, prevents disease • Generates drugs • Produces foods and beverages • Nutrient cycling in nature • Drives climate conditions • Energy production • Biotechnology • Single microbial enzyme degrades difficult complex plant material better than current mixtures. Many more out there with potential to improve process. • Major contribution in the production of Biofuels McMurdo Dry Valleys in the Antarctic. Cold, wind-swept tundra covered in permafrost similar to surface of Mars…..and its lifeless….sort of. • Digging down 2 feet into the permafrost, researchers did not find any living microbe. Only dead or “dormant” bacteria- dormant stage is a spore- when proper conditions, they are alive, but when it is bad conditions, the bacteria appears to be dead. • What type of conditions would a Mars-like bacteria be able to handle? Would you expect it to resemble an Earth bacteria?- different than those on Earth Which of these pairs are approximately the same size? 1) Eukaryotic Cell & Parasite 2) Bacterium & Eukaryotic Cell 3) Virus & Bacterium 4) Bacterium & Mitochondria 5) Virus & Mitochondria 6) They are all the same size 7) None of them are the same size


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