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Homework Notes Due Friday February 19

by: Madison Briel

Homework Notes Due Friday February 19 PSYC 110 - 008

Marketplace > University of Tennessee - Knoxville > Psychlogy > PSYC 110 - 008 > Homework Notes Due Friday February 19
Madison Briel

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About this Document

This is just a basic outline of the homework reading assignment due Friday February 19, 2016. Just in case you don't have time to read all 12 pages, take a look at these 3 pages. Good Luck!
General Psychology -
Alexander Malik Khaddouma
Class Notes
psych 110
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Briel on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 110 - 008 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Alexander Malik Khaddouma in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see General Psychology - in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.

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Date Created: 02/17/16
Summary of Homework Reading Assignment: Pages 242-254 Due Friday February 19, 2016 Concepts to Know: - Identify the ways that memories do and don’t accurately reflect experiences. - Explain the function, span, and duration of each of the three memory systems - Differentiate the subtypes of long-term memory Memory- retention of information over time Research shows that our memories are often astonishingly accurate. Most of us can recognize our schoolmates decades later and recite the lyrics to dozens of old songs. Memory Illusion- false but subjectively compelling memory Types of Memory: Sensory Memory- brief storage of perceptual information before it is passed to short-term memory Iconic Memory- visual sensory memory Echoic Memory- auditory sensory memory Short-Term Memory- memory system that retains information for limited durations Memory Loss from Short-Term Memory: Decay versus Interference Decay- fading of information from memory over time Interference- loss of information from memory because of competition from additional incoming information Retroactive Interference- interference with retention of old information due to acquisition of new information Proactive Interference- interference with acquisition of new information due to previous learning of information The Capacity of Short-Term Memory: The Magic Number We’ve already seen that short-term memory doesn’t last long. Twenty seconds or even less, and-poof- the memory is gone (unless we’ve made a special effort to remember it). How long is the span of short term memory? Magic Number- the span of short-term memory, according to George Miller: seven plus or minus two pieces of information Chunking- organizing information into meaningful groupings, allowing us to extend the span of short-term memory Types of Rehearsal: Rehearsal- repeating information to extend the duration of retention in short-term memory Maintenance Rehearsal- repeating stimuli in their original form to retain them in short-term memory Elaborative Rehearsal- linking stimuli to each other in a meaningful way to improve retention of information in short-term memory Depth of Processing. This finding is consistent with a levels-of- processing model of memory. According to this model, the more deeply we process information, the better we tend to remember it. Differences Between Long-Term and Short-Term Memory: Long-Term Memory Short-Term Memory -larger capacity -can only hold about 7-9 stimuli in hand at a single time -often endures for years or even decades-sometimes permanently -vanishes after about 20 seconds -errors tend to be semantic -errors tend to be acoustic (based (based on the meaning of the on the sound of the information information we receive) we receive) Permastore- type of long-term memory that appears to be permanent Primary Effect- tendency to remember words at the beginning of a list especially well Recency Effect- tendency to remember words at the ends of a list especially well Serial Position Curve- graph depicting both primacy and recency effects on people’s ability to recall items on a list (shown below) Types of Long-Term Memory: Semantic Memory- our knowledge of facts about the world Episodic Memory- recollection of events in our lives Explicit Memory- memories we recall intentionally and of which we have conscious awareness Implicit Memory- memories we don’t deliberately remember or reflect on consciously Procedural Memory- memory for how to do things, including motor skills and habits Priming- our ability to identify a stimulus more easily or more quickly after we’ve encountered similar stimuli


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