Popular in History of Popular Music, 1950-Present
Popular in Music
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shira Clements on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUSC205 at University of Maryland taught by Richard King in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see History of Popular Music, 1950-Present in Music at University of Maryland.
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Date Created: 02/17/16
PRE-CLASS MUSIC “LEADER OF THE PACK” -THE SHANGRI-LAS “I HEAR A SYMPHONY” -THE SUPREMES “MY GIRL” -THE TEMPTATIONS The Producers Music 205 February 8, 2016 DEKELBOUM DEKE SHARON TALK WEDNESDAY, 12 PM ARCHITECTURE Congressional Hearings Outcry that rock was bad for youth Payola - 1959 Led by old guard of music industry Dick Clark leads the charge Rock in Trouble “Rock 'n' roll smells phony and false. It is sung, played and written, for the most part, by cretinous goons. And, by means of its almost imbecilic reiteration, and sly, lewd and in plain fact, dirty lyrics ... it manages to be the martial music of every side-burned delinquent on the face of the earth.” -Frank Sinatra Rock in Trouble “Rock and roll is a means of pulling the white man down to the level of the Negro. It is a plot to undermine the morals of the youth of our nation.” -Secretary of the North Alabama White Citizens Council, 1956 It’s not just then… “The First Amendment should not apply to rock and roll.” -San Antonio Councilman, 1985 Rock’s Decline 1957: Little Richard ﬁnds God 1957: Elvis ﬁnds the army 1958: Jerry Lee Lewis ﬁnds his 14-year old cousin 1959: Buddy Holly’s plane ﬁnds the ground 1959: Chuck Berry ﬁnds an underage girl to transport across state lines 1959: Congress ﬁnds out about rock What’s left? Tame, white-bread music Promoted on Dick Clark’s American Bandstand Men had to dress up Very clean-cut Fabian - “Tiger” “The Twist” and American Bandstand Chubby Checker song Released 1960 Huge dance craze The rise of doo wop Gospel-based, urban black music Originally a cappella The Chords - “Sh-Boom” Phil Spector Producer for a huge number of artists Especially girl groups Created the Wall of Sound The Wall Of Sound “Little symphonies for the kids” Doubling instruments “You’ve Lost That Loving Feeling” Girl Groups & The Brill Building Songwriting teams Sedaka/Greenﬁeld Goﬃn/King Mann/Weil Ronettes - “Be My Baby” Shirelles - “Will You Still Love Me Tomorrow” Motown - Berry Gordy Founded in Detroit (“MOtor TOWN”) in 1959 Formula-pop Songwriters kept writing until they missed Holland-Dozier- Holland The Supremes 12 number-one singles from 1964-1970 Led by Diana Ross Epitomized the Motown style Stevie Wonder (1950-) Performer Composer Pioneer Activist Stevie Wonder Blind from birth Could play piano, harmonica, drums, and sing by the age of 8 Signed with Motown in 1960 First #1 hit in 1963 - “Fingertips, Part 2” Stevie’s Sides Funky Released “Uptight (Everything’s Alright)” in 1966 Sentimental “You and I” - 1972 Stevie takes charge Motown had controlled his career 1971 - Wonder takes control Begins to experiment in his music Synthesizers Wonder one of the ﬁrst artists to be a synth virtuoso “Superstition” Use of clavinet
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