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by: Savannah Webb
Savannah Webb

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About this Document

General Psychology -
Alexander Malik Khaddouma
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in General Psychology -

Popular in Psychlogy

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah Webb on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 110 - 008 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Alexander Malik Khaddouma in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see General Psychology - in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 02/17/16
Psychology  2/17/16 Class Activity Shaping ­ Reinforcing behaviors gradually as they come closer and closer to becoming target  behavior Class Activity Schedules of reinforcement  Pattern of reinforcing a behavior ­ Continuous reinforcement  Reinforcing every time behavior occurs  Faster learning, but also faster extinction ­ Partial reinforcement   Providing only occasional reinforcement   Slower extinction  Dimensions of reinforcement ­ Number of behaviors (ratio) ­ Amount of time (interval, ex. Paycheck) ­ Fixed= predictable, stable ­ Variable= unpredictable, varies in time or amount   Reinforcement schedules  ­ Fixed ratio  Reinforcement given after certain number of responses ­ Fixed interval   Reinforcement given after certain amount of time has passed (behavior just needs  to occur at least once) ­ Variable ratio  Reinforcement given after unspecified number of responses  Strongest reinforcement schedule (e.g. gambling) ­ Variable interval   Reinforcement given after unspecified amount of time has passed (behavior just  needs to occur at least once) Cognitive models of Learning   Stimulus­ response (S­R learning) ­ Doesn’t account for thinking  Stimulus­organism­response (S­O­R) learning ­ Accounts for thinking ­ Response depends on meaning of stimulus to organism  Alternative ways to learn  Latent learning ­ Learning that isn’t directly observable (ex. Rat maze) ­ Competence vs. performance  Observable learning  ­ Learning by watching others ­ Bandura’s bobo doll experiment  (ex. ↑.. kid watching woman through glass beating up a doll so when the kid went in the  kid also beat up the doll) Observational Learning  Observational learning ­ Mirror neurons  activated both by doing a behavior and when observing a behavior 


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