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Chapter 1 HDFS 1300 Education Class

by: Corina Johnson

Chapter 1 HDFS 1300 Education Class 18242

Marketplace > University of Houston > Education and Teacher Studies > 18242 > Chapter 1 HDFS 1300 Education Class
Corina Johnson
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This is one of my favorite classes I had and it was very interesting. I hope you enjoy the notes as well and I want you to get a better understanding of some of the "big" topics at are being discus...
Development Self-Regulation Learning
Laura Jacobs
Class Notes
Education, futuer teacher, HDFS, Teaching, learning




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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Corina Johnson on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 18242 at University of Houston taught by Laura Jacobs in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Development Self-Regulation Learning in Education and Teacher Studies at University of Houston.

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Date Created: 02/18/16
Chapter 1 Introduction to Marriage and Family Chapter 1 Vocabulary 1. Stressor: is a situation or event causing stress ie: Illness in a family or balancing both work life and home life. 2. Marriage: is legally recognizing the union between a man and a women or a union  between two people in a committed relationship, in which they are united sexually,  cooperate economically, and may give birth to, adopt, or rear children.  3. Monogamous Marriage: is a type of marriage in which one person is married to another  person of the opposite sex. 4. Polygamous Marriage: is a type of marriage in which one person is married to multiple  husbands or wives.  5. Family: is a group of two people or more related by birth, marriage, or adoption and  residing together. 6. Arranged Marriage: is a type of marriage in which the families of the bride and the  groom negotiate an arrangement before the two parties enter into a relationship. 7. Household: refers to all the people who occupy a housing unit regardless of relationship.  8. Affiliated kin: are non­related who are accepted as part of a family. 9. Living apart household: refers to relationship in which people define themselves as  couples but live in separate households. 10. Socialization: is the shaping of an individual’s behavior to conform to social or cultural  norms. 11. Family Diversity: refers to the variation in family structures, experiences, and  circumstances between families.  12. Race: is a group of people who are classified according to their phenotype. 13. Ethnic group: is a group of people characterized by culture factors, such as language,  religion, and shared customs that are passed from one generation to the next.  14. Looking­glass self: is a concept of self in which interpretations of other people’s  opinions become a dominant aspect of identity.  15. Self: is the concept of identity that develops through interactions with others.  16. Society: refers to the process of socialization in which we interpret meanings of symbols  and learn about our roles.  17. Role: is the part we are expected to play in society, learned through interactions with  others. 18. Microsystem: is a child’s immediate environment including any immediate relationships  or organizations. 19. Mesosystem: is the description of how different parts of the child’s microsystem interact. 20. Exosystem: refers to the outside influences that a child may not interact with personally  but that have a large impact on the child.  21. Macrosystem: it is the culture in which an individual lives. 22. Chronosystem: is the research model that examines the impact of the normative and  nonnormative life transactions on a family processes and child development over time.  23. Rewards: are the pleasures or satisfactions we enjoy from participating in a relationship. 24. Costs: are the negative outcomes, energy invested, or rewards foregone as a result of  choosing one behavior over another.  25. Comparison Level of Alternatives: is the evaluation by individuals of their relationships in the light of available alternatives.  26. Boundaries: are emotional barriers that define a system governs the way in which inputs  from the environment are changed to outputs. 27. Subsystem: part of a system that can be analyzed separately in relation to its exchanges  with the system and with the system and with other subsystems. 28. Variety: is the extent to which a system is able to adapt to change in the environment. 29. Nepotism: is favoritism shown to one’s kin. 30. Reciprocity: is the exchange of favors. 31. Coercion: is being forced to act against one’s interests.  Chapter 1: Outline I. Myths about Marriage and Families i. Myth: Universal, idealized nuclear family of the past 1. Family: Husband, wife, children, and adopted children 2. Traditional husband works and wife is homemaker 3. Universal family structure. ii. Reality 1. No one single­parent family and family pattern across human societies  a. Families always changing  iii. Unstable African American families i. Family dysfunctional ii. Reality 1. Overlooks the diversity within African American families a. Focuses on poverty problem iv. Myth: The “perfect’ family and marriage i. “perfect couple” have a “perfect life” ii. Reality a. Expectations are unrealistic  II. Defining what Marriage and Families 1. Marriage(traditional legal definition) a. Legal contract between a woman and a man, who are at least a certain age and not already legally married to someone else 2. Marriage­ textbook definition a. Union between people who are united socially, economically, and sexually,  whether or not widely or legally recognized 3. Types of marriage a. Monogamy­ marriage to one person at a time i. Serial monogamy­ marriage to several people, but one at a time b. Polygamy­ marriage to several people at the same time i. Polygyny­ one man married to two or more women at the same time ii. Polyandry­ one woman married to two or more men at the same time iii. Cenogamy­ group marriage­all members of a group, male and female,  married to each other at the same time c. Arranged Marriages i. Family of the bride and groom negotiate and arrangement before they  enter a relationship  ii. Common parts: Asia, Africa, and Middle East. III. Functions of Families A. Colonial Period­1899 i. Immigrants from Europe and African were bought and used as slaves a. Disrupted family ties ii. Early Colonial families: Nuclear a. Fathers head of household, in charge with everything b. Mothers responsible for household chores  iii. Colonial Families were beset by accidents, illness, and disease B. United States: 1900 to Pre­WWII 1. Economic and Political changes in gender role 2. Women began campaigning for the right to vote 3. Women going to college and getting jobs C. Technological Advances a. Mass production b. Less need for child labor c. Schools, more responsible for socializing and educating  children D. Government intervention 1. Family Violence 2. Child neglect 3. Decline child birth rates: middle class 4. Infant mortality increased 5. Family divorce E. Family units were smaller and more private, which allowed families to focus on their  families 1. Interpersonal relationship 2. Changes were positive and caring relationships, led to divorce. F. Family(US Census Bureau) i. Two or more people living together who are related by birth, marriage, or adoption ii. Definition is limiting G. Types of families i. Family of orientation(family of origin)­ family in which a person is born (or  adopted) and is raised 1. Ex: you, you parents, and your siblings ii. Family of procreation­ family created when person marries or has intimate  relationship with someone, and has biological or adopted children 1. Term is outdated iii. Extended family­ two or more generations living together a. Ex: family of orientation and family of procreation living  together 2. Modified extended family­ two or more generations living near each  other iv. And more types of families 1. Step, single parent, different ethnicities….etc 2. Functions of family H.  IV .        Theories of the Families 1. Structural­functional Theory i. Commonly known as a functional theory ii. Human behavior  a. Moral codes of society b. Moral codes constrain human behavior to promote the common good. A. Two central assumptions in functional theory: 1.  Function of families procreate and socialize their children 2. Families maintain its basic structure B. Big increase in 1960s and 1970s 1. Same­sex marriage 2. Single­parent families 3. Blended families 2. Conflict Theory  i. Karl Marx’s Idea a. Those who control the resources have all the power b. Functionalists believe that conflict plays a minor role in family and the ultimate  goal is for a balanced and peaceful household.  A. Individual family members are motivated to pursue their own needs, values, and goals  which comes in conflict with the needs with the other members of the family. B. Sources of power 1. Legitimacy 2. Money 3. Physical Coercion  4. Love C. Conflict theorists believe that conflict within families in necessary because it results in  change and adaptation. 3. Feminist Theory i. June Cleaver: Leave to Beaver, was often seen as homemaker and taking care  of the children. ii. Clair Huxtable: Worked outside the home and was the enforcing the rules of  the house. A. 1960’s and 1970’s was know for the feminist movement or the second wave of feminism B. National Organization for Women or (OWN) i. Its members: Betty Friedan and Gloria Steinem ii. Equal pay, job training for women, reproductive choice, maternity leave, child care, and end of sex discrimination 4. Symbolic Interaction Theory i. Symbolic Interaction theory examined families at the micro level ii. Individuals develop a sense of self through their interactions. A. When we interpret people’s opinions of us, that opinion becomes our own identities. i. Charles H. Cooley’s idea; “looking­glass self” B. Symbolic interactionism three main parts: i. Self: is the concept that develops through interactions with others ii. Society: the process of socialization and learn about our roles iii. Role: a part what we are expected to play in socity. 5. Ecological Theory i. Urie Bronfenbrenner argued that in a child’s development is too look beyond  the immediate environment and consider the interaction biological makeup. ii. Five environmental system a. Microsystem b. Mesosystems c. Exosystems d. Macrosystems e. Chronosystems 6. Social Exchange Theory i. Cost vs. Rewards ii. Explanation why people are unhappy with their marriage 7. Family life Course/Development Theory i. Key family systems: a. Boundaries b. Rules of transformation c. Subsystems  d. Variety  8. Biosocial Theory i. Three main principles of human behavior a. Nepotism  b. Reciprocity c. Coercion Chapter 1: Questions 1. Explain the difference between nuclear and traditional families? ________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 2. What are some of the family functions? A. Economic security  B. Education and socialization C. Affection D. All of the above 3. What does the term “looking­glass self” mean? A. Just looking at a mirror B. No one knows what the word means C. Concept where self­interpretations of other people’s opinions become a dominant aspect  of identity  D. None of the above 4. What is the book definition of “marriage”? A. Legally recognizing union between a man and women B. Both hetero and homosexual couples can be married C. Only God grants who will be married 5. What does the movie, One True Thing, teach us about family relationships? And do the  bonds change? A. Complex bonds only exist between only family; no they do not change. B. Complex bonds never exists; some of the time they change C. None of these D. Complex bonds between husbands and wife and between child and parent; do change and develop over time. Answers to Chapter 1 Questions: 1. Traditional family is people who are currently living in a household, like, mother, father,  children, and/or adopted children. Nuclear families do not include extended families,  such as; grandparents, uncles, aunts, etc. 2. D­ All of above 3. C­ Concept where self­interpretations of other people’s opinions become a dominant  aspect of identity  4. A­ Legally recognizing union between a man and women 5. D­ Complex bonds between husbands and wife and between child and parent; do change  and develop over time.


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