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Music History: Early Polyphony

by: Summer Notetaker

Music History: Early Polyphony Music 1406

Marketplace > East Carolina University > Music 1406 > Music History Early Polyphony
Summer Notetaker
GPA 3.7
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About this Document

Notes covering the weeks lectures. Week of February 15th - 19th.
Music History and Literature
Dr. Nelson
Class Notes
Music History, Early Polyphony




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Summer Notetaker on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Music 1406 at East Carolina University taught by Dr. Nelson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views.


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Date Created: 02/18/16
Week of February 15 -19 th Music History and Literature Early Polyphony Historical background: strong papacy, church prosperity Scholasticism-blending of Christianity and Classical Greek ideas Gothic architecture-began in modern France; high ceilings First Polyphony was improvised as decoration Polyphony-more than one independent musical line Began as heterophony: embellishment of melody line Musical enchiriadia; musical handbook Earliest example of notated chant Organum: early polyphonic style Diaphony: 2 lines that are dependent on each other (singing together) 3 techniques in early organum parallel motion oblique motion octave doubling Micrologus by Guido of Arezzo 2 voice parts often cross principal voice: pre-existent chant melody organal voice: added voice Winchester Troper: medieval chant book containing tropes Ad organum faiendum- “On making Organum” contrary motion allowed Aquitanian Polyphony Florid organum-tenor almost like drone Discant organum-few notes of new voice against single note of original voice Text-accented Latin poetry (versus) Week of February 15 -19h th Notre Dame Polyphony Paris 12 and 13 C th Notre Dame Cathedral Léonin (Fl 1163-1190) Pérotin (fl 1180-c1238) Rhythmic modes 6 rhythmic patterns indicated by combinations of neumes poetic meters basic unit- Perfectio Léonin: Magnus Liber Organ: “Greek book of Organum” Organum setting of solo portions of chants Style: Both florid and discant styles Clausulae in discant Self contained sections Pérotin: Succedded Leonin (1180-c1238) Updated Magnus Liber Organi Compostitional techniques More discant and substitute clausulae More tenors in rhythmic modes Tenors often repeated Triple and quadruple organum


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